Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

A comparative study of g-quadruplex unfolding and DNA reeling activities of human RECQ5 helicase


Budhathoki, Jagat B; Maleki, Parastoo; Roy, William A; Janscak, Pavel; Yodh, Jaya G; Balci, Hamza (2016). A comparative study of g-quadruplex unfolding and DNA reeling activities of human RECQ5 helicase. Biophysical Journal, 110(12):2585-2596.

Abstract

RECQ5 is one of five members of the RecQ family of helicases in humans, which include RECQ1, Bloom (BLM), Werner (WRN), RECQ4, and RECQ5. Both WRN and BLM have been shown to resolve G-quadruplex (GQ) structures. Deficiencies in unfolding GQ are known to result in DNA breaks and genomic instability, which are prominent in Werner and Bloom syndromes. RECQ5 is significant in suppressing sister chromatid exchanges during homologous recombination but its GQ unfolding activity are not known. We performed single-molecule studies under different salt (50-150 mM KCl or NaCl) and ATP concentrations on different GQ constructs including human telomeric GQ (with different overhangs and polarities) and GQ formed by thrombin-binding aptamer to investigate this activity. These studies demonstrated a RECQ5-mediated GQ unfolding activity that was an order of magnitude weaker than BLM and WRN. On the other hand, BLM and RECQ5 demonstrated similar single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) reeling activities that were not coupled to GQ unfolding. These results demonstrate overlap in function between these RecQ helicases; however, the relatively weak GQ destabilization activity of RECQ5 compared to BLM and WRN suggests that RECQ5 is not primarily associated with GQ destabilization, but could substitute for the more efficient helicases under conditions where their activity is compromised. In addition, these results implicate a more general role for helicase-promoted ssDNA reeling activity such as removal of proteins at the replication fork, whereas the association of ssDNA reeling with GQ destabilization is more helicase-specific.

Abstract

RECQ5 is one of five members of the RecQ family of helicases in humans, which include RECQ1, Bloom (BLM), Werner (WRN), RECQ4, and RECQ5. Both WRN and BLM have been shown to resolve G-quadruplex (GQ) structures. Deficiencies in unfolding GQ are known to result in DNA breaks and genomic instability, which are prominent in Werner and Bloom syndromes. RECQ5 is significant in suppressing sister chromatid exchanges during homologous recombination but its GQ unfolding activity are not known. We performed single-molecule studies under different salt (50-150 mM KCl or NaCl) and ATP concentrations on different GQ constructs including human telomeric GQ (with different overhangs and polarities) and GQ formed by thrombin-binding aptamer to investigate this activity. These studies demonstrated a RECQ5-mediated GQ unfolding activity that was an order of magnitude weaker than BLM and WRN. On the other hand, BLM and RECQ5 demonstrated similar single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) reeling activities that were not coupled to GQ unfolding. These results demonstrate overlap in function between these RecQ helicases; however, the relatively weak GQ destabilization activity of RECQ5 compared to BLM and WRN suggests that RECQ5 is not primarily associated with GQ destabilization, but could substitute for the more efficient helicases under conditions where their activity is compromised. In addition, these results implicate a more general role for helicase-promoted ssDNA reeling activity such as removal of proteins at the replication fork, whereas the association of ssDNA reeling with GQ destabilization is more helicase-specific.

Statistics

Citations

2 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 04 Aug 2016
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:21 June 2016
Deposited On:04 Aug 2016 07:29
Last Modified:05 Aug 2016 08:04
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-3495
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2016.05.016
PubMed ID:27332117

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

Article Networks

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations