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Renal fanconi syndrome is caused by a mistargeting-based mitochondriopathy


Abstract

We recently reported an autosomal dominant form of renal Fanconi syndrome caused by a missensemutation in the third codon of the peroxisomal protein EHHADH. The mutation mistargets EHHADH to mitochondria, thereby impairing mitochondrial energy production and, consequently, reabsorption of electrolytes and low-molecular-weight nutrients in the proximal tubule. Here, we further elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying this pathology. We find that mutated EHHADH is incorporated into mitochondrial trifunctional protein (MTP), thereby disturbing b-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids. The resulting MTP deficiency leads to a characteristic accumulation of hydroxyacyl- and acylcarnitines. Mutated EHHADH also limits respiratory complex I and corresponding supercomplex formation, leading
to decreases in oxidative phosphorylation capacity, mitochondrial membrane potential maintenance, and ATP generation. Activity of the Na+/K+-ATPase is thereby diminished, ultimately decreasing the transport activity of the proximal tubule cells.

Abstract

We recently reported an autosomal dominant form of renal Fanconi syndrome caused by a missensemutation in the third codon of the peroxisomal protein EHHADH. The mutation mistargets EHHADH to mitochondria, thereby impairing mitochondrial energy production and, consequently, reabsorption of electrolytes and low-molecular-weight nutrients in the proximal tubule. Here, we further elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying this pathology. We find that mutated EHHADH is incorporated into mitochondrial trifunctional protein (MTP), thereby disturbing b-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids. The resulting MTP deficiency leads to a characteristic accumulation of hydroxyacyl- and acylcarnitines. Mutated EHHADH also limits respiratory complex I and corresponding supercomplex formation, leading
to decreases in oxidative phosphorylation capacity, mitochondrial membrane potential maintenance, and ATP generation. Activity of the Na+/K+-ATPase is thereby diminished, ultimately decreasing the transport activity of the proximal tubule cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:17 May 2016
Deposited On:09 Aug 2016 09:36
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 20:08
Publisher:Cell Press (Elsevier)
ISSN:2211-1247
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2016.04.037
PubMed ID:27160910

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