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An expansible aortic ring in aortic root remodeling: exact position, pulsatility, effectiveness, and stability in three-dimensional CT study


Holubec, Tomas; Higashigaito, Kai; Belobradek, Zdenek; Dergel, Martin; Harrer, Jan; Alkadhi, Hatem; Zacek, Pavel; Vojacek, Jan (2017). An expansible aortic ring in aortic root remodeling: exact position, pulsatility, effectiveness, and stability in three-dimensional CT study. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 103(1):83-90.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess effectiveness, stability, position, and expansibility of an expansible aortic annuloplasty ring with computed tomography (CT).
METHODS: Ten men (median age 51 years) scheduled for aortic root remodeling with implantation of external annuloplasty ring underwent contrast-enhanced CT of the aortic root preoperatively, postoperatively, and at a median of 21 months after operation. A reconstructed transverse double oblique view of the aortic base (AB) and of the new defined annuloplasty ring base (ARB; plane of the lower edge of the ring) in systole and diastole were obtained. The diameters, perimeter, and area were measured. In addition, the distances between AB and ARB in the nadir of each sinus were measured.
RESULTS: We found 12% reduction of the postoperative AB and 19% of ARB perimeter in both systole (p = 0.004, p < 0.001, respectively) and diastole (p = 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively) compared with preoperative. There was 22% reduction of the postoperative AB area in systole and 24% in diastole (p = 0.002, p = 0.001, respectively) and 33% reduction of the ARB area in systole and 32% in diastole (p < 0.001 for both) compared with the preoperative period. Nearly all measured variables in the follow-up period showed a slight increase compared with the postoperative period; however, they did not reach statistical significance. The postoperative systolic-diastolic differences in the three measured variables at the level of AB and ARB were statistically significant and were maintained throughout the follow-up period. The base of the ring was implanted 2 ± 2 mm at the right, 0 ± 1 mm at the left above the AB, and 2 (-3 to 2) mm at the noncoronary nadir below the AB.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates imaging evidence of the effectiveness, stability, and pulsatility of the annuloplasty ring in aortic root remodeling in follow-up and describes the exact position of the ring at the base of the aortic root.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess effectiveness, stability, position, and expansibility of an expansible aortic annuloplasty ring with computed tomography (CT).
METHODS: Ten men (median age 51 years) scheduled for aortic root remodeling with implantation of external annuloplasty ring underwent contrast-enhanced CT of the aortic root preoperatively, postoperatively, and at a median of 21 months after operation. A reconstructed transverse double oblique view of the aortic base (AB) and of the new defined annuloplasty ring base (ARB; plane of the lower edge of the ring) in systole and diastole were obtained. The diameters, perimeter, and area were measured. In addition, the distances between AB and ARB in the nadir of each sinus were measured.
RESULTS: We found 12% reduction of the postoperative AB and 19% of ARB perimeter in both systole (p = 0.004, p < 0.001, respectively) and diastole (p = 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively) compared with preoperative. There was 22% reduction of the postoperative AB area in systole and 24% in diastole (p = 0.002, p = 0.001, respectively) and 33% reduction of the ARB area in systole and 32% in diastole (p < 0.001 for both) compared with the preoperative period. Nearly all measured variables in the follow-up period showed a slight increase compared with the postoperative period; however, they did not reach statistical significance. The postoperative systolic-diastolic differences in the three measured variables at the level of AB and ARB were statistically significant and were maintained throughout the follow-up period. The base of the ring was implanted 2 ± 2 mm at the right, 0 ± 1 mm at the left above the AB, and 2 (-3 to 2) mm at the noncoronary nadir below the AB.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates imaging evidence of the effectiveness, stability, and pulsatility of the annuloplasty ring in aortic root remodeling in follow-up and describes the exact position of the ring at the base of the aortic root.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:09 Aug 2016 09:55
Last Modified:20 Dec 2016 02:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0003-4975
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2016.05.098
PubMed ID:27457826

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