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Human resource management and radical innovation: a fuzzy-set QCA of US multinationals in Germany, Switzerland, and the UK


Backes-Gellner, Uschi; Kluike, Marlies; Pull, Kerstin; Schneider, Martin R; Teuber, Silvia (2016). Human resource management and radical innovation: a fuzzy-set QCA of US multinationals in Germany, Switzerland, and the UK. Journal of Business Economics / Zeitschrift für Betriebswirtschaft, 86(7):751-772.

Abstract

This paper explores, based on the varieties-of-capitalism approach, configurations of key human resource management practices that explain radical innovation in subsidiaries. A fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis is conducted with data for 69 subsidiaries of US-based MNEs in Germany, Switzerland, and the UK. Contrary to the implications of the varieties-of-capitalism literature, combining numerical flexibility and employing a high share of academics does not necessarily achieve radical innovation. Various paths to radical innovation exist, and most of them involve functional flexibility. Overall, the findings emphasize the strategic discretion MNEs have, and accentuate that functional flexibility is a key HR practice to achieve radical innovation across differing varieties of capitalism countries.

Abstract

This paper explores, based on the varieties-of-capitalism approach, configurations of key human resource management practices that explain radical innovation in subsidiaries. A fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis is conducted with data for 69 subsidiaries of US-based MNEs in Germany, Switzerland, and the UK. Contrary to the implications of the varieties-of-capitalism literature, combining numerical flexibility and employing a high share of academics does not necessarily achieve radical innovation. Various paths to radical innovation exist, and most of them involve functional flexibility. Overall, the findings emphasize the strategic discretion MNEs have, and accentuate that functional flexibility is a key HR practice to achieve radical innovation across differing varieties of capitalism countries.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Business Administration
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:12 Aug 2016 07:09
Last Modified:13 Sep 2016 01:03
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0044-2372
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11573-015-0803-3
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:13557

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