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Maternal work absence: a longitudinal study of language impairment and behavior problems in preschool children


Nes, Ragnhild B; Hauge, Lars J; Kornstad, Tom; Landolt, Markus A; Irgens, Lorentz; Eskedal, Leif; Kristensen, Petter; Vollrath, Margarete E (2015). Maternal work absence: a longitudinal study of language impairment and behavior problems in preschool children. Journal of Marriage and Family, 77(5):1282-1298.

Abstract

Combining work and family responsibilities is challenging when children have special needs, and mothers commonly make employment-related adjustments. In this study, the authors examined associations between maternal work absence and child language impairment and behavior problems in preschool children. Questionnaire data at child age 3 years from 33,778 mothers participating in the prospective population-based Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were linked to national register data on employment and long-term physician-certified sick leave at child age 3-5 years. Mothers who reported having a child with language impairment had a consistently higher risk of not being employed and were at increased risk of taking long-term sick leave at child age 5 years. Co-occurring problems were associated with excess risk. Language impairments in preschool children, in particular when they are co-occurring with behavior problems, are likely to have a range of negative short- and long-term consequences for the financial and overall health and well-being of mothers and their families.

Abstract

Combining work and family responsibilities is challenging when children have special needs, and mothers commonly make employment-related adjustments. In this study, the authors examined associations between maternal work absence and child language impairment and behavior problems in preschool children. Questionnaire data at child age 3 years from 33,778 mothers participating in the prospective population-based Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were linked to national register data on employment and long-term physician-certified sick leave at child age 3-5 years. Mothers who reported having a child with language impairment had a consistently higher risk of not being employed and were at increased risk of taking long-term sick leave at child age 5 years. Co-occurring problems were associated with excess risk. Language impairments in preschool children, in particular when they are co-occurring with behavior problems, are likely to have a range of negative short- and long-term consequences for the financial and overall health and well-being of mothers and their families.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:October 2015
Deposited On:15 Aug 2016 08:59
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 20:10
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0022-2445
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jomf.12210
PubMed ID:27087703

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