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Arterial therapies of non-colorectal liver metastases


Puippe, Gilbert; Pfammatter, Thomas; Schaefer, Niklaus (2015). Arterial therapies of non-colorectal liver metastases. Viszeralmedizin, 31(6):414-422.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The unique situation of the liver with arterial and venous blood supply and the dependency of the tumor on the arterial blood flow make this organ an ideal target for intrahepatic catheter-based therapies. Main forms of treatment are classical bland embolization (TAE) cutting the blood flow to the tumors, chemoembolization (TACE) inducing high chemotherapy concentration in tumors, and radioembolization (TARE) without embolizing effect but very high local radiation. These different forms of therapies are used in different centers with different protocols. This overview summarizes the different forms of treatment, their indications and protocols, possible side effects, and available data in patients with non-colorectal liver tumors. METHODS A research in PubMed was performed. Mainly clinical controlled trials were reviewed. The search terms were 'embolization liver', 'TAE', 'chemoembolization liver', 'TACE', 'radioembolization liver', and 'TARE' as well as 'chemosaturation' and 'TACP' in the indications 'breast cancer', 'neuroendocrine', and 'melanoma'. All reported studies were analyzed for impact and reported according to their clinical relevance. RESULTS The main search criteria revealed the following results: 'embolization liver + breast cancer', 122 results, subgroup clinical trials 16; 'chemoembolization liver + breast cancer', 62 results, subgroup clinical trials 11; 'radioembolization liver + breast cancer', 37 results, subgroup clinical trials 3; 'embolization liver + neuroendocrine', 283 results, subgroup clinical trials 20; 'chemoembolization liver + neuroendocrine', 202 results, subgroup clinical trials 9; 'radioembolization liver + neuroendocrine', 64 results, subgroup clinical trials 9; 'embolization liver + melanoma', 79 results, subgroup clinical trials 15; 'chemoembolization liver + melanoma', 60 results, subgroup clinical trials 14; 'radioembolization liver + melanoma', 18 results, subgroup clinical trials 3. The term 'chemosaturation liver' was tested without indication since only few publications exist and provided us with five results and only one clinical trial. CONCLUSION Despite many years of clinical use and documented efficacy on intra-arterial treatments of the liver, there are still only a few prospective multicenter trials with many different protocols. To guarantee the future use of these efficacious therapies, especially in the light of many systemic or surgical therapies in the treatment of non-colorectal liver metastases, further large randomized trials and transparent guidelines need to be established.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The unique situation of the liver with arterial and venous blood supply and the dependency of the tumor on the arterial blood flow make this organ an ideal target for intrahepatic catheter-based therapies. Main forms of treatment are classical bland embolization (TAE) cutting the blood flow to the tumors, chemoembolization (TACE) inducing high chemotherapy concentration in tumors, and radioembolization (TARE) without embolizing effect but very high local radiation. These different forms of therapies are used in different centers with different protocols. This overview summarizes the different forms of treatment, their indications and protocols, possible side effects, and available data in patients with non-colorectal liver tumors. METHODS A research in PubMed was performed. Mainly clinical controlled trials were reviewed. The search terms were 'embolization liver', 'TAE', 'chemoembolization liver', 'TACE', 'radioembolization liver', and 'TARE' as well as 'chemosaturation' and 'TACP' in the indications 'breast cancer', 'neuroendocrine', and 'melanoma'. All reported studies were analyzed for impact and reported according to their clinical relevance. RESULTS The main search criteria revealed the following results: 'embolization liver + breast cancer', 122 results, subgroup clinical trials 16; 'chemoembolization liver + breast cancer', 62 results, subgroup clinical trials 11; 'radioembolization liver + breast cancer', 37 results, subgroup clinical trials 3; 'embolization liver + neuroendocrine', 283 results, subgroup clinical trials 20; 'chemoembolization liver + neuroendocrine', 202 results, subgroup clinical trials 9; 'radioembolization liver + neuroendocrine', 64 results, subgroup clinical trials 9; 'embolization liver + melanoma', 79 results, subgroup clinical trials 15; 'chemoembolization liver + melanoma', 60 results, subgroup clinical trials 14; 'radioembolization liver + melanoma', 18 results, subgroup clinical trials 3. The term 'chemosaturation liver' was tested without indication since only few publications exist and provided us with five results and only one clinical trial. CONCLUSION Despite many years of clinical use and documented efficacy on intra-arterial treatments of the liver, there are still only a few prospective multicenter trials with many different protocols. To guarantee the future use of these efficacious therapies, especially in the light of many systemic or surgical therapies in the treatment of non-colorectal liver metastases, further large randomized trials and transparent guidelines need to be established.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:December 2015
Deposited On:16 Aug 2016 15:14
Last Modified:31 Oct 2016 08:36
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1662-6664
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000441689
PubMed ID:26889145

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