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Antihypoxic potentiation of standard therapy for experimental colorectal liver metastasis through myo-inositol trispyrophosphate


Limani, P; Linecker, M; Kachaylo, E; Tschuor, C; Kron, P; Schlegel, A; Ungethuem, U; Jang, J H; Georgiopoulou, S; Claude Nicolau, C; Lehn, J-M; Graf, R; Humar, B; Clavien, P-A (2016). Antihypoxic potentiation of standard therapy for experimental colorectal liver metastasis through myo-inositol trispyrophosphate. Clinical Cancer Research, 22(23):5887-5897.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Tumor hypoxia activates hypoxia-inducible factors (Hifs), which induce a range of malignant changes including vascular abnormalities. Here, we determine whether inhibition of the hypoxic tumor response through myo-inositol trispyrophosphate (ITPP), a compound with antihypoxic properties, is able to cause prolonged vascular normalization that can be exploited to improve standard-of-care treatment.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We tested ITPP on two syngeneic orthotopic mouse models of lethal colorectal cancer liver metastasis. Tumors were monitored by MRI and analyzed for the hypoxic response and their malignant potential. A Hif activator and in vitro assays were used to define the working mode of ITPP. Hypoxic response and vasculature were re-evaluated 4 weeks after treatment. Finally, we determined survival following ITPP monotherapy, FOLFOX monotherapy, FOLFOX plus Vegf antibody, and FOLFOX plus ITPP, both overlapping and sequential.
RESULTS: ITPP reduced tumor load, efficiently inhibited the hypoxic response, and improved survival. These effects were lost when mice were pretreated with a Hif activator. Its immediate effects on the hypoxic response, including an apparent normalization of tumor vasculature, persisted for at least 4 weeks after treatment cessation. Compared with FOLFOX alone, Vegf antibody combined with FOLFOX prolonged survival by <30%, whereas ITPP combined with FOLFOX extended survival by >140%, regardless of whether FOLFOX was given in overlap or after ITPP exposure.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal a truly antihypoxic mechanism for ITPP and demonstrate the capacity of this nontoxic compound to potentiate the efficacy of existing anticancer treatment in a way amenable to clinical translation. Clin Cancer Res; 22(23); 5887-97.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Tumor hypoxia activates hypoxia-inducible factors (Hifs), which induce a range of malignant changes including vascular abnormalities. Here, we determine whether inhibition of the hypoxic tumor response through myo-inositol trispyrophosphate (ITPP), a compound with antihypoxic properties, is able to cause prolonged vascular normalization that can be exploited to improve standard-of-care treatment.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We tested ITPP on two syngeneic orthotopic mouse models of lethal colorectal cancer liver metastasis. Tumors were monitored by MRI and analyzed for the hypoxic response and their malignant potential. A Hif activator and in vitro assays were used to define the working mode of ITPP. Hypoxic response and vasculature were re-evaluated 4 weeks after treatment. Finally, we determined survival following ITPP monotherapy, FOLFOX monotherapy, FOLFOX plus Vegf antibody, and FOLFOX plus ITPP, both overlapping and sequential.
RESULTS: ITPP reduced tumor load, efficiently inhibited the hypoxic response, and improved survival. These effects were lost when mice were pretreated with a Hif activator. Its immediate effects on the hypoxic response, including an apparent normalization of tumor vasculature, persisted for at least 4 weeks after treatment cessation. Compared with FOLFOX alone, Vegf antibody combined with FOLFOX prolonged survival by <30%, whereas ITPP combined with FOLFOX extended survival by >140%, regardless of whether FOLFOX was given in overlap or after ITPP exposure.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal a truly antihypoxic mechanism for ITPP and demonstrate the capacity of this nontoxic compound to potentiate the efficacy of existing anticancer treatment in a way amenable to clinical translation. Clin Cancer Res; 22(23); 5887-97.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:19 Jan 2017 07:32
Last Modified:02 Feb 2018 10:22
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN:1078-0432
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-3112
PubMed ID:27489288

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