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Development and evaluation of a geographic information retrieval system using fine grained toponyms


Purves, Ross S; Palacio, Damien; Derungs, Curdin (2015). Development and evaluation of a geographic information retrieval system using fine grained toponyms. Journal of Spatial Information Science, (11):1-29.

Abstract

Geographic information retrieval (GIR) is concerned with returning information in response to an information need, typically expressed in terms of a thematic and spa- tial component linked by a spatial relationship. However, evaluation initiatives have of- ten failed to show significant differences between simple text baselines and more complex spatially enabled GIR approaches. We explore the effectiveness of three systems (a text baseline, spatial query expansion, and a full GIR system utilizing both text and spatial in- dexes) at retrieving documents from a corpus describing mountaineering expeditions, cen- tred around fine grained toponyms. To allow evaluation, we use user generated content (UGC) in the form of metadata associated with individual articles to build a test collec- tion of queries and judgments. The test collection allowed us to demonstrate that a GIR- based method significantly outperformed a text baseline for all but very specific queries associated with very small query radii. We argue that such approaches to test collection development have much to offer in the evaluation of GIR.

Abstract

Geographic information retrieval (GIR) is concerned with returning information in response to an information need, typically expressed in terms of a thematic and spa- tial component linked by a spatial relationship. However, evaluation initiatives have of- ten failed to show significant differences between simple text baselines and more complex spatially enabled GIR approaches. We explore the effectiveness of three systems (a text baseline, spatial query expansion, and a full GIR system utilizing both text and spatial in- dexes) at retrieving documents from a corpus describing mountaineering expeditions, cen- tred around fine grained toponyms. To allow evaluation, we use user generated content (UGC) in the form of metadata associated with individual articles to build a test collec- tion of queries and judgments. The test collection allowed us to demonstrate that a GIR- based method significantly outperformed a text baseline for all but very specific queries associated with very small query radii. We argue that such approaches to test collection development have much to offer in the evaluation of GIR.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
08 University Research Priority Programs > Language and Space
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:13 Sep 2016 14:03
Last Modified:14 Feb 2018 11:28
Publisher:University of Maine
ISSN:1948-660X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.5311/JOSIS.2015.11.193

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