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Loss of function of NaPiIIa causes nephrocalcinosis and possibly kidney insufficiency


Dinour, Dganit; Davidovits, Miriam; Ganon, Liat; Ruminska, Justyna; Forster, Ian C; Hernando, Nati; Eyal, Eran; Holtzman, Eli J; Wagner, Carsten A (2016). Loss of function of NaPiIIa causes nephrocalcinosis and possibly kidney insufficiency. Pediatric Nephrology, 31(12):2289-2297.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Inherited metabolic disorders associated with nephrocalcinosis are rare conditions. The aim of this study was to identify the genetic cause of an Israeli-Arab boy from a consanguineous family with severe nephrocalcinosis and kidney insufficiency. METHODS Clinical and biochemical data of the proband and family members were obtained from both previous and recent medical charts. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood cells. The coding sequence and splice sites of candidate genes (CYP24A1, CYP27B1, FGF23, KLOTHO, SLC34A3 and SLC34A1) were sequenced directly. Functional studies were performed in Xenopus laevis oocytes and in transfected opossum kidney (OK) cells. RESULTS Our patient was identified as having nephrocalcinosis in utero, and at the age of 16.5 years, he had kidney insufficiency but no bone disease. Genetic analysis revealed a novel homozygous missense mutation, Arg215Gln, in SLC34A1, which encodes the renal sodium phosphate cotransporter NaPiIIa. Functional studies of the Arg215Gln mutant revealed reduced transport activity in Xenopus laevis oocytes and increased intracellular cytoplasmic accumulation in OK cells. CONCLUSIONS Our findings show that dysfunction of the human NaPiIIa causes severe renal calcification that may eventually lead to reduced kidney function, rather than complications of phosphate loss.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Inherited metabolic disorders associated with nephrocalcinosis are rare conditions. The aim of this study was to identify the genetic cause of an Israeli-Arab boy from a consanguineous family with severe nephrocalcinosis and kidney insufficiency. METHODS Clinical and biochemical data of the proband and family members were obtained from both previous and recent medical charts. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood cells. The coding sequence and splice sites of candidate genes (CYP24A1, CYP27B1, FGF23, KLOTHO, SLC34A3 and SLC34A1) were sequenced directly. Functional studies were performed in Xenopus laevis oocytes and in transfected opossum kidney (OK) cells. RESULTS Our patient was identified as having nephrocalcinosis in utero, and at the age of 16.5 years, he had kidney insufficiency but no bone disease. Genetic analysis revealed a novel homozygous missense mutation, Arg215Gln, in SLC34A1, which encodes the renal sodium phosphate cotransporter NaPiIIa. Functional studies of the Arg215Gln mutant revealed reduced transport activity in Xenopus laevis oocytes and increased intracellular cytoplasmic accumulation in OK cells. CONCLUSIONS Our findings show that dysfunction of the human NaPiIIa causes severe renal calcification that may eventually lead to reduced kidney function, rather than complications of phosphate loss.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:4 July 2016
Deposited On:29 Sep 2016 13:08
Last Modified:05 Jul 2017 00:00
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0931-041X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-016-3443-0
PubMed ID:27378183

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