Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Dose-optimized computed tomography for screening and follow-up of solid pulmonary nodules in obesity: a phantom study


Martini, Katharina; Barth, Borna K; Higashigaito, Kai; Baumueller, Stephan; Alkadhi, Hatem; Frauenfelder, Thomas (2017). Dose-optimized computed tomography for screening and follow-up of solid pulmonary nodules in obesity: a phantom study. Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology, 46(3):204-209.

Abstract

To determine the lowest CT radiation dose-level at maintained image-quality and high sensitivity for detection of pulmonary-nodules in obesity. Single-energy CT with tin-filtration was performed in a chest-phantom with solid pulmonary-nodules simulating over-weight and obesity. CTDIvol of the standard-protocol was 0.41 mGy, subsequent scans were obtained at 1/2 and 1/4 dose-levels. Images were reconstructed using FBP and advanced-modeled iterative reconstruction (ADMIRE). Noise, image-quality, and sensitivity for nodule-detection were assessed. Noise was significantly reduced with ADMIRE (standard-dose: 73%; 1/2 dose: 73%; 1/4 dose: 71.2%; p < 0.001) compared to FBP. Image-quality was diagnostic for all images reconstructed with ADMIRE5. Sensitivity for nodule-detection was 100% at 1/2 and 1/4 dose-level for the phantom simulating over-weight and 97.37% (1/2 dose-level) and 81.58% (1/4 dose-level) for the phantom simulating obesity using ADMIRE5. In conclusion, single-energy CT with tin-filtration and ADMIRE shows potential for dose reduction in a phantom experiment down to 0.1 mGy in over-weight and 0.21 mGy obese subjects, while image quality and sensitivity for detection of solid pulmonary nodules remains high.

Abstract

To determine the lowest CT radiation dose-level at maintained image-quality and high sensitivity for detection of pulmonary-nodules in obesity. Single-energy CT with tin-filtration was performed in a chest-phantom with solid pulmonary-nodules simulating over-weight and obesity. CTDIvol of the standard-protocol was 0.41 mGy, subsequent scans were obtained at 1/2 and 1/4 dose-levels. Images were reconstructed using FBP and advanced-modeled iterative reconstruction (ADMIRE). Noise, image-quality, and sensitivity for nodule-detection were assessed. Noise was significantly reduced with ADMIRE (standard-dose: 73%; 1/2 dose: 73%; 1/4 dose: 71.2%; p < 0.001) compared to FBP. Image-quality was diagnostic for all images reconstructed with ADMIRE5. Sensitivity for nodule-detection was 100% at 1/2 and 1/4 dose-level for the phantom simulating over-weight and 97.37% (1/2 dose-level) and 81.58% (1/4 dose-level) for the phantom simulating obesity using ADMIRE5. In conclusion, single-energy CT with tin-filtration and ADMIRE shows potential for dose reduction in a phantom experiment down to 0.1 mGy in over-weight and 0.21 mGy obese subjects, while image quality and sensitivity for detection of solid pulmonary nodules remains high.

Statistics

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 29 Sep 2016
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:29 Sep 2016 14:33
Last Modified:22 Apr 2017 01:00
Publisher:Mosby, Inc.
ISSN:0363-0188
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1067/j.cpradiol.2016.07.005
PubMed ID:27662771

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 733kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations