Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Impact of UVA on pruritus during UVA/B-phototherapy of inflammatory skin diseases : a randomized double-blind study


Maul, Julia-Tatjana; Kretschmer, Lorenz; Anzengruber, Florian; Pink, Andrew; Murer, Carla; French, Lars E; Hofbauer, Günther F L; Navarini, Alexander A (2017). Impact of UVA on pruritus during UVA/B-phototherapy of inflammatory skin diseases : a randomized double-blind study. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venerology, 31(7):1208-1213.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Narrowband (TL-01) UVB phototherapy (UVB nb) is effective in treating inflammatory skin disease. The addition of UVA is traditionally advocated to reduce pruritus, but lacks evidence for this recommendation. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the effect of UVB nb and UVA phototherapy in combination compared against UVB nb monotherapy on pruritus, disease activity, and quality of life. METHODS In this double-blind randomised clinical trial 53 patients suffering from inflammatory skin diseases with pronounced itching (Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pruritus ≥ 5) were randomised in to two treatment groups. One group received UVB nb (311nm) phototherapy alone and another group received a combination of UVB nb and UVA (320-400nm) phototherapy. UV therapy was performed three times per week over 16 weeks. Pruritus (VAS and 5-D itch score), disease activity and quality of life (Dermatology Life Quality Index, DLQI) were assessed at baseline and weeks 4, 8, 12, and 16. RESULTS In both treatment groups there was a reduction in pruritus scores, disease activity and DLQI. No difference in pruritus score, disease activity, and quality of life could be detected between the group receiving UVB nb alone and those receiving UVB nb combined with UVA. CONCLUSIONS Phototherapy with UVB nb and UVB nb combined with UVA are equally effective in treating inflammatory skin disease and indifferent in reducing disease-associated pruritus. Given this non-inferiority for UVB nb monotherapy, the recommendation of adding UVA to UVB nb phototherapy for pruritic inflammatory skin disease should be abandoned.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Narrowband (TL-01) UVB phototherapy (UVB nb) is effective in treating inflammatory skin disease. The addition of UVA is traditionally advocated to reduce pruritus, but lacks evidence for this recommendation. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the effect of UVB nb and UVA phototherapy in combination compared against UVB nb monotherapy on pruritus, disease activity, and quality of life. METHODS In this double-blind randomised clinical trial 53 patients suffering from inflammatory skin diseases with pronounced itching (Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pruritus ≥ 5) were randomised in to two treatment groups. One group received UVB nb (311nm) phototherapy alone and another group received a combination of UVB nb and UVA (320-400nm) phototherapy. UV therapy was performed three times per week over 16 weeks. Pruritus (VAS and 5-D itch score), disease activity and quality of life (Dermatology Life Quality Index, DLQI) were assessed at baseline and weeks 4, 8, 12, and 16. RESULTS In both treatment groups there was a reduction in pruritus scores, disease activity and DLQI. No difference in pruritus score, disease activity, and quality of life could be detected between the group receiving UVB nb alone and those receiving UVB nb combined with UVA. CONCLUSIONS Phototherapy with UVB nb and UVB nb combined with UVA are equally effective in treating inflammatory skin disease and indifferent in reducing disease-associated pruritus. Given this non-inferiority for UVB nb monotherapy, the recommendation of adding UVA to UVB nb phototherapy for pruritic inflammatory skin disease should be abandoned.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

3 downloads since deposited on 10 Oct 2016
1 download since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:10 Oct 2016 14:26
Last Modified:08 Oct 2017 00:00
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0926-9959
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.13994
PubMed ID:27699880

Download

Download PDF  'Impact of UVA on pruritus during UVA/B-phototherapy of inflammatory skin diseases : a randomized double-blind study'.
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 228kB
View at publisher