Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

(18)FDG-PET-CT improves specificity of preoperative lymph-node staging in patients with intestinal but not diffuse-type esophagogastric adenocarcinoma


Lehmann, K; Eshmuminov, D; Bauerfeind, P; Gubler, C; Veit-Haibach, P; Weber, A; Abdul-Rahman, H; Fischer, M; Reiner, C; Schneider, P M (2017). (18)FDG-PET-CT improves specificity of preoperative lymph-node staging in patients with intestinal but not diffuse-type esophagogastric adenocarcinoma. European Journal of Surgical Oncology, 43(1):196-202.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION The accuracy of preoperative lymph-node staging in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) or gastric cancer (GC) is low. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) for lymph-node staging in patients with AEG or GC, with or without neoadjuvant treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS 221 consecutive patients with GC (n = 88) or AEG (n = 133) were evaluated. Initial staging included endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), multidetector spiral CT (MDCT) and PET-CT. PET-CT was performed for restaging in patients after neoadjuvant treatment (n = 94). Systematic lymphadenectomy was routinely performed with histopathological assessment of individual mediastinal and abdominal lymph-node stations. Preoperative staging from EUS, MDCT, and PET-CT was correlated with histopathological results. RESULTS PET-CT showed a high specificity (91%) and positive predictive value (89%) for the preoperative detection of lymph-node metastases. In comparison, EUS was more sensitive (73% versus 50%, P < 0.01) but less specific (60%, P < 0.01). In patients with intestinal/mixed-type tumors, PET-CT improved the detection of extra-regional lymph-node metastases (P = 0.01) and distant metastases (P = 0.01) compared to CT alone. In contrast, lymph-node assessment by PET/CT after neoadjuvant treatment (32%, P < 0.01) and in diffuse-type cancers (24%, P < 0.01) is futile because of low sensitivities. CONCLUSION PET-CT does not improve the overall accuracy of N staging, but does improve specificity compared to EUS and MDCT in AEG and GC. We do not recommend routine PET-CT for the initial staging in patients with diffuse-type cancer or for restaging of lymph nodes after neoadjuvant treatment.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION The accuracy of preoperative lymph-node staging in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) or gastric cancer (GC) is low. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) for lymph-node staging in patients with AEG or GC, with or without neoadjuvant treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS 221 consecutive patients with GC (n = 88) or AEG (n = 133) were evaluated. Initial staging included endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), multidetector spiral CT (MDCT) and PET-CT. PET-CT was performed for restaging in patients after neoadjuvant treatment (n = 94). Systematic lymphadenectomy was routinely performed with histopathological assessment of individual mediastinal and abdominal lymph-node stations. Preoperative staging from EUS, MDCT, and PET-CT was correlated with histopathological results. RESULTS PET-CT showed a high specificity (91%) and positive predictive value (89%) for the preoperative detection of lymph-node metastases. In comparison, EUS was more sensitive (73% versus 50%, P < 0.01) but less specific (60%, P < 0.01). In patients with intestinal/mixed-type tumors, PET-CT improved the detection of extra-regional lymph-node metastases (P = 0.01) and distant metastases (P = 0.01) compared to CT alone. In contrast, lymph-node assessment by PET/CT after neoadjuvant treatment (32%, P < 0.01) and in diffuse-type cancers (24%, P < 0.01) is futile because of low sensitivities. CONCLUSION PET-CT does not improve the overall accuracy of N staging, but does improve specificity compared to EUS and MDCT in AEG and GC. We do not recommend routine PET-CT for the initial staging in patients with diffuse-type cancer or for restaging of lymph nodes after neoadjuvant treatment.

Statistics

Altmetrics

Downloads

11 downloads since deposited on 10 Oct 2016
11 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:10 Oct 2016 14:29
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 18:37
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0748-7983
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2016.08.020
PubMed ID:27692533

Download

Download PDF  '(18)FDG-PET-CT improves specificity of preoperative lymph-node staging in patients with intestinal but not diffuse-type esophagogastric adenocarcinoma'.
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 384kB
View at publisher