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Perceived Mutual Understanding (PMU): development and initial testing of a german short scale for perceptual team cognition


Burtscher, Michael J; Oostlander, Jeannette (2016). Perceived Mutual Understanding (PMU): development and initial testing of a german short scale for perceptual team cognition. European Journal of Psychological Assessment:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Team cognition plays an important role in predicting team processes and outcomes. Thus far, research has focused on structured cognition while paying little attention to perceptual cognition. The lack of research on perceptual team cognition can be attributed to the absence of an appropriate measure. To address this gap, we introduce the construct of perceived mutual understanding (PMU) as a type of perceptual team cognition and describe the development of a respective measure – the PMU-scale. Based on three samples from different team settings (NTotal = 566), our findings show that the scale has good psychometric properties – both at the individual as well as at the teamlevel. Item parameters were improved during a multistage process. Exploratory as well as confirmatory factor analyses indicate that PMU is a one-dimensional construct. The scale demonstrates sufficient internal reliability. Correlational analyses provide initial proof of construct validity. Finally, common indicators for inter-rater reliability and inter-rater agreement suggest that treating PMU as a team-level construct is justified. The PMU-scale represents a convenient and versatile measure that will potentially foster empirical research on perceptual team cognition and thereby contribute to the advancement of team cognition research in general.

Abstract

Team cognition plays an important role in predicting team processes and outcomes. Thus far, research has focused on structured cognition while paying little attention to perceptual cognition. The lack of research on perceptual team cognition can be attributed to the absence of an appropriate measure. To address this gap, we introduce the construct of perceived mutual understanding (PMU) as a type of perceptual team cognition and describe the development of a respective measure – the PMU-scale. Based on three samples from different team settings (NTotal = 566), our findings show that the scale has good psychometric properties – both at the individual as well as at the teamlevel. Item parameters were improved during a multistage process. Exploratory as well as confirmatory factor analyses indicate that PMU is a one-dimensional construct. The scale demonstrates sufficient internal reliability. Correlational analyses provide initial proof of construct validity. Finally, common indicators for inter-rater reliability and inter-rater agreement suggest that treating PMU as a team-level construct is justified. The PMU-scale represents a convenient and versatile measure that will potentially foster empirical research on perceptual team cognition and thereby contribute to the advancement of team cognition research in general.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Educational Evaluation
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Uncontrolled Keywords:team, teamwork, team cognition, perceptual approach, scale
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:14 Oct 2016 06:58
Last Modified:29 Nov 2016 14:34
Publisher:Hogrefe & Huber
ISSN:1015-5759
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000360

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