Objective Adult neurogenesis in the subgranular zone and subventricular zone is generally accepted, but its existence in other brain areas is still controversial. Circumventricular organs, such as the area postrema (AP) have recently been described as potential neurogenic niches in the adult brain. The AP is the major site of action of the satiating hormone amylin. Amylin has been shown to promote the formation of neuronal projections originating from the AP in neonatal rodents but the role of amylin in adult neurogenesis remains unknown. Methods To test this, we first performed an RNA-sequencing of the AP of adult rats acutely injected with either amylin (20 μg/kg), amylin plus the amylin receptor antagonist AC187 (500 μg/kg) or vehicle. Second, animals were subcutaneously equipped with minipumps releasing either amylin (50 μg/kg/day) or vehicle for 3 weeks to assess cell proliferation and differentiation with the 5′-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) technique. Results Acute amylin injections affected genes involved in pathways and processes that control adult neurogenesis. Amylin consistently upregulated NeuroD1 transcript and protein in the adult AP, and this effect was blocked by the co-administration of AC187. Further, chronic amylin treatment increased the number of newly proliferated AP-cells and significantly promoted their differentiation into neurons rather than astrocytes. Conclusion Our findings revealed a novel role of the satiating hormone amylin in promoting neurogenesis in the AP of adult rats.