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Soft tissue stability and volumetric changes after 5 years in pontic sites with or without soft tissue grafting: a retrospective cohort study


Sanz-Martín, Ignacio; Sailer, Irena; Hämmerle, Christoph H F; Thoma, Daniel S (2016). Soft tissue stability and volumetric changes after 5 years in pontic sites with or without soft tissue grafting: a retrospective cohort study. Clinical Oral Implants Research, 27(8):969-974.

Abstract

UNLABELLED To evaluate volumetric changes (VC) of pontic sites with or without soft tissue grafting over 5 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twelve patients participating in a prospective clinical trial evaluating fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) were selected on the basis of having received a subepithelial connective tissue graft for soft volume augmentation in pontic sites (augmentation group [AG]). An additional 12 patients, belonging to the same study, that had not received soft tissue grafting were used as controls (control group [CG]). Casts made from dental impressions taken at prosthesis delivery (baseline [BL]) and at 5 years (5-FU) were digitized, and linear and volumetric measurements performed to assess the soft tissue pontic height (PH), abutment height (AH), (VC) and changes in tissue thickness (TT) on the buccal side of the pontics. RESULTS There were no significant differences at BL between the two groups for linear measurements (P > 0.05). The changes in soft tissue pontic height (PHC) amounted to a loss in the height of 0.34 mm (SD = 0.5) and 0.35 mm (0.2) for AG and CG, respectively. The mean VC amounted to a loss of 5.31 mm(3) (±1.1) (AG) and 4.32 mm(3) (±1.7) (CG). None of the changes between BL and 5-FU in volumetric and linear measurements, including TT and mean mesial and distal abutment height changes (mAHC and dAHC), reached statistically significant differences between AG and CG (P > 0.05). However the changes in linear measurements from BL to 5-FU were significant in all parameters for both groups (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION At an observational period of 5 years, pontic sites with or without grafting under FDPs demonstrated similar dimensional stability. CLINICAL RELEVANCE Pontic sites with or without grafting are volumetrically stable over 5 years.

Abstract

UNLABELLED To evaluate volumetric changes (VC) of pontic sites with or without soft tissue grafting over 5 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twelve patients participating in a prospective clinical trial evaluating fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) were selected on the basis of having received a subepithelial connective tissue graft for soft volume augmentation in pontic sites (augmentation group [AG]). An additional 12 patients, belonging to the same study, that had not received soft tissue grafting were used as controls (control group [CG]). Casts made from dental impressions taken at prosthesis delivery (baseline [BL]) and at 5 years (5-FU) were digitized, and linear and volumetric measurements performed to assess the soft tissue pontic height (PH), abutment height (AH), (VC) and changes in tissue thickness (TT) on the buccal side of the pontics. RESULTS There were no significant differences at BL between the two groups for linear measurements (P > 0.05). The changes in soft tissue pontic height (PHC) amounted to a loss in the height of 0.34 mm (SD = 0.5) and 0.35 mm (0.2) for AG and CG, respectively. The mean VC amounted to a loss of 5.31 mm(3) (±1.1) (AG) and 4.32 mm(3) (±1.7) (CG). None of the changes between BL and 5-FU in volumetric and linear measurements, including TT and mean mesial and distal abutment height changes (mAHC and dAHC), reached statistically significant differences between AG and CG (P > 0.05). However the changes in linear measurements from BL to 5-FU were significant in all parameters for both groups (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION At an observational period of 5 years, pontic sites with or without grafting under FDPs demonstrated similar dimensional stability. CLINICAL RELEVANCE Pontic sites with or without grafting are volumetrically stable over 5 years.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:August 2016
Deposited On:14 Oct 2016 13:53
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 20:33
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0905-7161
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/clr.12743
PubMed ID:26773800

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