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Randomized controlled clinical pilot study of all-ceramic single-tooth implant reconstructions: clinical and microbiological outcomes at one year of loading


Brandenberg, Francine D; Sailer, Irena; Fehmer, Vincent; Büchi, Dominik L E; Hämmerle, Christoph H F; Thoma, Daniel S (2017). Randomized controlled clinical pilot study of all-ceramic single-tooth implant reconstructions: clinical and microbiological outcomes at one year of loading. Clinical Oral Implants Research, 28(4):406-413.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To test whether or not pink veneering of the submucosal part of zirconia abutments influences clinical, microbiological and histological outcomes of cemented implant-supported single crowns (ISSC). MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 20 patients with one single-tooth implant in the esthetic zone were included. Implants were randomly restored with either pink-veneered zirconia abutments (test group; n = 10) or non-veneered white zirconia abutments (control group; n = 10) and with adhesively cemented all-ceramic crowns. At the 6-month follow-up, soft tissue biopsies were prepared for histological evaluation and microbiological samples were collected around abutments and the respective contra-lateral teeth (in 10 of 20 patients). One year after the initiation of loading, clinical parameters were assessed. Robust linear mixed model and cumulative linked mixed model analyses were performed to investigate the effect of group and time-point on clinical and biological outcomes. RESULTS Clinical evaluations revealed stable peri-implant soft tissues in terms of probing pocket depth, but a high BOP index (87.5% control; 80.0% test). No statistically significant differences were observed between the test and control group for any outcome measure (P > 0.05). No major biological complications occurred during the observation period. Histological samples revealed a remarkable degree of inflammation in both groups without clear differences in qualitative histological features. Microbiological evaluation demonstrated a slightly higher bacterial count at implants compared to natural teeth at one year of loading without marked differences between groups. CONCLUSION Limited by a small sample size and a relatively short observation period, pink-veneered zirconia abutments exhibited similar clinical, histological and microbiological outcomes as non-veneered zirconia abutments supporting cemented single crowns.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To test whether or not pink veneering of the submucosal part of zirconia abutments influences clinical, microbiological and histological outcomes of cemented implant-supported single crowns (ISSC). MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 20 patients with one single-tooth implant in the esthetic zone were included. Implants were randomly restored with either pink-veneered zirconia abutments (test group; n = 10) or non-veneered white zirconia abutments (control group; n = 10) and with adhesively cemented all-ceramic crowns. At the 6-month follow-up, soft tissue biopsies were prepared for histological evaluation and microbiological samples were collected around abutments and the respective contra-lateral teeth (in 10 of 20 patients). One year after the initiation of loading, clinical parameters were assessed. Robust linear mixed model and cumulative linked mixed model analyses were performed to investigate the effect of group and time-point on clinical and biological outcomes. RESULTS Clinical evaluations revealed stable peri-implant soft tissues in terms of probing pocket depth, but a high BOP index (87.5% control; 80.0% test). No statistically significant differences were observed between the test and control group for any outcome measure (P > 0.05). No major biological complications occurred during the observation period. Histological samples revealed a remarkable degree of inflammation in both groups without clear differences in qualitative histological features. Microbiological evaluation demonstrated a slightly higher bacterial count at implants compared to natural teeth at one year of loading without marked differences between groups. CONCLUSION Limited by a small sample size and a relatively short observation period, pink-veneered zirconia abutments exhibited similar clinical, histological and microbiological outcomes as non-veneered zirconia abutments supporting cemented single crowns.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2017
Deposited On:13 Oct 2016 14:32
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 20:33
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0905-7161
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/clr.12813
PubMed ID:26935479

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