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First screening for Brachyspira hampsonii in Swiss pigs applying a new high resolution melting assay


Scherrer, Simone; Borgström, Anna; Frei, Daniel; Wittenbrink, Max (2016). First screening for Brachyspira hampsonii in Swiss pigs applying a new high resolution melting assay. Veterinary Microbiology, 193:17-21.

Abstract

A new High Resolution Melting (HRM) assay was developed for the rapid detection of Brachyspira (B.) hampsonii. B. hampsonii occurs in different European countries, however, until today it has not been encountered in Switzerland. Four B. hampsonii reference strains were used to develop the HRM assay: B. hampsonii clade I ATCC BAA2463 and clade II ATCC BAA2464 strain, as well as two isolated strains P280/1 from the UK and the German isolate 5369-1x/12. A conserved region of the nox gene was used to design B. hampsonii-specific primers. The HRM melting curves for the four reference strains showed reproducible difference graphs with distinct differences between the four strains based on a slight variation between the four amplicon sequences. In addition, DNA from 22 B. hampsonii strains representing four genetic B. hampsonii groups was used to validate the method. Melting temperatures in the interval between 73.1 and 74 °C were obtained for all B. hampsonii strains and allow differentiating B. hampsonii from other Brachyspira species. In total 897 Swiss porcine fecal Brachyspira isolates, cultured between 2009 and 2015, were analysed by the HRM protocol. B. hampsonii was not detected among these Swiss Brachyspira isolates. In conclusion, the rapid and low-cost HRM approach allows a sensitive and specific identification of B. hampsonii.

Abstract

A new High Resolution Melting (HRM) assay was developed for the rapid detection of Brachyspira (B.) hampsonii. B. hampsonii occurs in different European countries, however, until today it has not been encountered in Switzerland. Four B. hampsonii reference strains were used to develop the HRM assay: B. hampsonii clade I ATCC BAA2463 and clade II ATCC BAA2464 strain, as well as two isolated strains P280/1 from the UK and the German isolate 5369-1x/12. A conserved region of the nox gene was used to design B. hampsonii-specific primers. The HRM melting curves for the four reference strains showed reproducible difference graphs with distinct differences between the four strains based on a slight variation between the four amplicon sequences. In addition, DNA from 22 B. hampsonii strains representing four genetic B. hampsonii groups was used to validate the method. Melting temperatures in the interval between 73.1 and 74 °C were obtained for all B. hampsonii strains and allow differentiating B. hampsonii from other Brachyspira species. In total 897 Swiss porcine fecal Brachyspira isolates, cultured between 2009 and 2015, were analysed by the HRM protocol. B. hampsonii was not detected among these Swiss Brachyspira isolates. In conclusion, the rapid and low-cost HRM approach allows a sensitive and specific identification of B. hampsonii.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:24 July 2016
Deposited On:17 Oct 2016 10:32
Last Modified:23 Oct 2016 05:07
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0378-1135
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2016.07.020

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