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The Roles of the Charlson Comorbidity Index and Time to First Antibiotic Dose as Predictors of Outcome in Pneumococcal Community-Acquired Pneumonia


Franzen, Daniel; Lim, Marisa; Bratton, Daniel J; Kuster, Stefan P; Kohler, Malcolm (2016). The Roles of the Charlson Comorbidity Index and Time to First Antibiotic Dose as Predictors of Outcome in Pneumococcal Community-Acquired Pneumonia. Lung, 194(5):769-775.

Abstract

PURPOSE In this retrospective study, we aimed to investigate the role of comorbidities using the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) and time to first antibiotic dose (TFAD) in patients with pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia (PCAP). METHODS All consecutive ER admissions with PCAP who were hospitalized in the University Hospital, Zurich between 2006 and 2012 were included. The primary outcome was to determine possible determinants of all-cause in-hospital mortality (ACIHM). The second endpoint was to detect risk factors for adverse events (AEs) and determinants of length of stay (LOS). RESULTS 108 subjects (mean age 57.6 years) were included. The median (IQR) CCI was 4 (1, 8). The median (IQR) TFAD was 210 (150, 280) min. ACIHM was 6.5 % (7/108), and median (IQR) LOS was 9 (6, 14) days. PCAP-related AEs were observed in 57 cases (52.8 %). In the multivariable analysis, neither CCI nor TFAD was associated with the outcome measures. Pneumonia severity index (PSI) was the only statistically significant predictor of ACIHM (HR 1.31/10 point increase, 95 % CI 1.12-1.53, p = 0.001) and AE rate (OR 1.31, 95 % CI 1.15-1.50, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS In this study including comparatively young patients with rather mild disease severity, we found no strong evidence supporting that CCI or TFAD influenced short-term outcome measures of PCAP. Yet, pneumonia severity appears to be the most important factor for the outcome.

Abstract

PURPOSE In this retrospective study, we aimed to investigate the role of comorbidities using the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) and time to first antibiotic dose (TFAD) in patients with pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia (PCAP). METHODS All consecutive ER admissions with PCAP who were hospitalized in the University Hospital, Zurich between 2006 and 2012 were included. The primary outcome was to determine possible determinants of all-cause in-hospital mortality (ACIHM). The second endpoint was to detect risk factors for adverse events (AEs) and determinants of length of stay (LOS). RESULTS 108 subjects (mean age 57.6 years) were included. The median (IQR) CCI was 4 (1, 8). The median (IQR) TFAD was 210 (150, 280) min. ACIHM was 6.5 % (7/108), and median (IQR) LOS was 9 (6, 14) days. PCAP-related AEs were observed in 57 cases (52.8 %). In the multivariable analysis, neither CCI nor TFAD was associated with the outcome measures. Pneumonia severity index (PSI) was the only statistically significant predictor of ACIHM (HR 1.31/10 point increase, 95 % CI 1.12-1.53, p = 0.001) and AE rate (OR 1.31, 95 % CI 1.15-1.50, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS In this study including comparatively young patients with rather mild disease severity, we found no strong evidence supporting that CCI or TFAD influenced short-term outcome measures of PCAP. Yet, pneumonia severity appears to be the most important factor for the outcome.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:October 2016
Deposited On:21 Oct 2016 10:55
Last Modified:31 Jan 2017 08:08
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0341-2040
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00408-016-9922-z
PubMed ID:27405854

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