Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Drinking goals and their association with treatment retention and treatment outcomes among clients in outpatient alcohol treatment


Haug, Severin; Eggli, Peter; Schaub, Michael P (2017). Drinking goals and their association with treatment retention and treatment outcomes among clients in outpatient alcohol treatment. Substance Use & Misuse, 52(3):313-321.

Abstract

Background: Few studies have compared characteristics of clients entering alcohol treatment who differ in their drinking goal preferences or have investigated the relevance of drinking goals as a predictor of treatment outcomes. Objectives: To investigate associations between baseline drinking goal preferences and client characteristics as well as treatment retention and outcomes among clients in outpatient alcohol treatment. Methods: Secondary data analyses on a longitudinal multicenter study investigating the effectiveness of outpatient alcohol treatment in Switzerland among 805 clients. Assessments were conducted at treatment admission, discharge, and at 6- and 12-month follow ups. At-risk drinking was assessed through the alcohol use disorders identification test. Treatment retention was defined as regular discharge with or without transition into another institution. Results: Clients aiming to abstain from drinking were more likely to be in retreatment, to be assigned to treatment by a health institution, to have no at-risk alcohol use, and to be already alcohol abstinent at the time of admission relative to clients who aimed to control their drinking. Clients without at-risk alcohol use at admission showed higher treatment retention when aiming for controlled drinking than for abstinence, while there was no difference in treatment retention among clients with at-risk use. Clients with at-risk use at admission were more likely to reach not-at-risk alcohol use status when aiming for alcohol abstinence than for controlled drinking. Conclusions: Drinking goals are associated with variables of alcohol use and treatment assignment. They have different effects on treatment retention and treatment outcomes according to alcohol use at the time of admission.

Abstract

Background: Few studies have compared characteristics of clients entering alcohol treatment who differ in their drinking goal preferences or have investigated the relevance of drinking goals as a predictor of treatment outcomes. Objectives: To investigate associations between baseline drinking goal preferences and client characteristics as well as treatment retention and outcomes among clients in outpatient alcohol treatment. Methods: Secondary data analyses on a longitudinal multicenter study investigating the effectiveness of outpatient alcohol treatment in Switzerland among 805 clients. Assessments were conducted at treatment admission, discharge, and at 6- and 12-month follow ups. At-risk drinking was assessed through the alcohol use disorders identification test. Treatment retention was defined as regular discharge with or without transition into another institution. Results: Clients aiming to abstain from drinking were more likely to be in retreatment, to be assigned to treatment by a health institution, to have no at-risk alcohol use, and to be already alcohol abstinent at the time of admission relative to clients who aimed to control their drinking. Clients without at-risk alcohol use at admission showed higher treatment retention when aiming for controlled drinking than for abstinence, while there was no difference in treatment retention among clients with at-risk use. Clients with at-risk use at admission were more likely to reach not-at-risk alcohol use status when aiming for alcohol abstinence than for controlled drinking. Conclusions: Drinking goals are associated with variables of alcohol use and treatment assignment. They have different effects on treatment retention and treatment outcomes according to alcohol use at the time of admission.

Statistics

Altmetrics

Downloads

10 downloads since deposited on 25 Oct 2016
10 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:2017
Deposited On:25 Oct 2016 14:25
Last Modified:21 Aug 2017 19:07
Publisher:Informa Healthcare
ISSN:1082-6084
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2016.1225764
PubMed ID:27767369

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only until 21 October 2017
Size: 313kB
View at publisher
Embargo till: 2017-10-21

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations