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Easy Pulsatile Phantom for Teaching and Validation of Flow Measurements in Ultrasound


Rominger, M B; Müller-Stuler, E-M; Pinto, M; Becker, A S; Martini, K; Frauenfelder, T; Klingmüller, V (2016). Easy Pulsatile Phantom for Teaching and Validation of Flow Measurements in Ultrasound. Ultrasound international open, 2(3):E93-E97.

Abstract

PURPOSE To build a simple model to teach and validate non-pulsatile and pulsatile flow quantification in ultrasound. MATERIALS AND METHODS The setting consists of the following connected components: (1) medical syringe pump producing an adjustable constant flow (ml/min), (2) modulator modifying constant flow to a reproducible pulsatile flow, (3) water tank containing a diagonal running silicone tube (0.5 mm inner diameter), and (4) a fixated ultrasound probe (L9 Linear Array 9 MHz, GE Logiq E9) measuring the flow inside the tube. Commercially available microbubbles suspended with physiological saline solution were used for ultrasonic visibility. Spectral Doppler of different flow profiles is performed. RESULTS The syringe pump produces an adjustable, constant flow and serves as the reference standard. The filling volume of the tube system is 1.2 ml. Microbubbles are very well detected by ultrasound and can be used as an easy and clean blood mimicking substance. The modulator generates different physiological and pathological flow profiles. Velocities are similar to those found within human blood vessels. Thus, it is possible to train and validate flow measurements in ultrasound. CONCLUSION The model produces non-pulsatile and various pulsatile flow profiles and allows validation of flow measurements. The compact size permits easy and economic setup for flow measurements in research, skills lab and continuing education.

Abstract

PURPOSE To build a simple model to teach and validate non-pulsatile and pulsatile flow quantification in ultrasound. MATERIALS AND METHODS The setting consists of the following connected components: (1) medical syringe pump producing an adjustable constant flow (ml/min), (2) modulator modifying constant flow to a reproducible pulsatile flow, (3) water tank containing a diagonal running silicone tube (0.5 mm inner diameter), and (4) a fixated ultrasound probe (L9 Linear Array 9 MHz, GE Logiq E9) measuring the flow inside the tube. Commercially available microbubbles suspended with physiological saline solution were used for ultrasonic visibility. Spectral Doppler of different flow profiles is performed. RESULTS The syringe pump produces an adjustable, constant flow and serves as the reference standard. The filling volume of the tube system is 1.2 ml. Microbubbles are very well detected by ultrasound and can be used as an easy and clean blood mimicking substance. The modulator generates different physiological and pathological flow profiles. Velocities are similar to those found within human blood vessels. Thus, it is possible to train and validate flow measurements in ultrasound. CONCLUSION The model produces non-pulsatile and various pulsatile flow profiles and allows validation of flow measurements. The compact size permits easy and economic setup for flow measurements in research, skills lab and continuing education.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:September 2016
Deposited On:28 Oct 2016 11:38
Last Modified:05 Aug 2017 18:45
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:2199-7152
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-106396
PubMed ID:27689183

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