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Clinical evaluation of a block sequential regularized expectation maximization reconstruction algorithm in 18F-FDG PET/CT studies


Sah, Bert-Ram; Stolzmann, Paul; Delso, Gaspar; Wollenweber, Scott D; Hüllner, Martin; Hakami, Yahya A; Queiroz, Marcelo A; Barbosa, Felipe de Galiza; von Schulthess, Gustav K; Pietsch, Carsten; Veit-Haibach, Patrick (2017). Clinical evaluation of a block sequential regularized expectation maximization reconstruction algorithm in 18F-FDG PET/CT studies. Nuclear medicine communications, 38(1):57-66.

Abstract

PURPOSE To investigate the clinical performance of a block sequential regularized expectation maximization (BSREM) penalized likelihood reconstruction algorithm in oncologic PET/computed tomography (CT) studies. METHODS A total of 410 reconstructions of 41 fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/CT studies of 41 patients with a total of 2010 lesions were analyzed by two experienced nuclear medicine physicians. Images were reconstructed with BSREM (with four different β values) or ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM) algorithm with/without time-of-flight (TOF/non-TOF) corrections. OSEM reconstruction postfiltering was 4.0 mm full-width at half-maximum; BSREM did not use postfiltering. Evaluation of general image quality was performed with a five-point scale using maximum intensity projections. Artifacts (category 1), image sharpness (category 2), noise (category 3), and lesion detectability (category 4) were analyzed using a four-point scale. Size and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of lesions were measured by a third reader not involved in the image evaluation. RESULTS BSREM-TOF reconstructions showed the best results in all categories, independent of different body compartments. In all categories, BSREM non-TOF reconstructions were significantly better than OSEM non-TOF reconstructions (P<0.001). In almost all categories, BSREM non-TOF reconstruction was comparable to or better than the OSEM-TOF algorithm (P<0.001 for general image quality, image sharpness, noise, and P=1.0 for artifact). Only in lesion detectability was OSEM-TOF significantly better than BSREM non-TOF (P<0.001). Both BSREM-TOF and BSREM non-TOF showed a decreasing SUVmax with increasing β values (P<0.001) and TOF reconstructions showed a significantly higher SUVmax than non-TOF reconstructions (P<0.001). CONCLUSION The BSREM reconstruction algorithm showed a relevant improvement compared with OSEM reconstruction in PET/CT studies in all evaluated categories. BSREM might be used in clinical routine in conjunction with TOF to achieve better/higher image quality and lesion detectability or in PET/CT-systems without TOF-capability for enhancement of overall image quality as well.

Abstract

PURPOSE To investigate the clinical performance of a block sequential regularized expectation maximization (BSREM) penalized likelihood reconstruction algorithm in oncologic PET/computed tomography (CT) studies. METHODS A total of 410 reconstructions of 41 fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/CT studies of 41 patients with a total of 2010 lesions were analyzed by two experienced nuclear medicine physicians. Images were reconstructed with BSREM (with four different β values) or ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM) algorithm with/without time-of-flight (TOF/non-TOF) corrections. OSEM reconstruction postfiltering was 4.0 mm full-width at half-maximum; BSREM did not use postfiltering. Evaluation of general image quality was performed with a five-point scale using maximum intensity projections. Artifacts (category 1), image sharpness (category 2), noise (category 3), and lesion detectability (category 4) were analyzed using a four-point scale. Size and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of lesions were measured by a third reader not involved in the image evaluation. RESULTS BSREM-TOF reconstructions showed the best results in all categories, independent of different body compartments. In all categories, BSREM non-TOF reconstructions were significantly better than OSEM non-TOF reconstructions (P<0.001). In almost all categories, BSREM non-TOF reconstruction was comparable to or better than the OSEM-TOF algorithm (P<0.001 for general image quality, image sharpness, noise, and P=1.0 for artifact). Only in lesion detectability was OSEM-TOF significantly better than BSREM non-TOF (P<0.001). Both BSREM-TOF and BSREM non-TOF showed a decreasing SUVmax with increasing β values (P<0.001) and TOF reconstructions showed a significantly higher SUVmax than non-TOF reconstructions (P<0.001). CONCLUSION The BSREM reconstruction algorithm showed a relevant improvement compared with OSEM reconstruction in PET/CT studies in all evaluated categories. BSREM might be used in clinical routine in conjunction with TOF to achieve better/higher image quality and lesion detectability or in PET/CT-systems without TOF-capability for enhancement of overall image quality as well.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:28 Oct 2016 12:28
Last Modified:25 Nov 2016 02:02
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0143-3636
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/MNM.0000000000000604
PubMed ID:27755394

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