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Subgroups in epidemiological studies on spinal cord injury: Evaluation of international recommendations in the Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Cohort Study.


Hinrichs, Timo; Prodinger, Birgit; Brinkhof, Martin W G; Gemperli, Armin (2016). Subgroups in epidemiological studies on spinal cord injury: Evaluation of international recommendations in the Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Cohort Study. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 48(2):141-8.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To test subgroups of a community-based sample of individuals with spinal cord injury, categorized by the application of current recommendations by the International Spinal Cord Society.

DESIGN

Community survey.

PARTICIPANTS

Individuals with traumatic and non-traumatic spinal cord injury residing in Switzerland.

METHODS

Recommended subgroups of age, gender, years since injury, severity of injury and aetiology were tested against the following criteria: (i) distribution of participants across categories; (ii) within- and between-group variability with regard to selected outcomes of functioning and quality of life.

RESULTS

Data-sets for 1,549 participants (28.5% women; mean age 52 ± 15 years) were available for analyses. There was a number of participants in every subgroup, yet numbers were relatively small in the group with the shortest time since injury (< 1 year; n = 23) and in the oldest age group (≥ 76; n = 94). A high variability in some outcomes was detected between categories. All variables were predictive for most of the endpoints investigated.

CONCLUSION

Recommended categorization could well fit the present sample. A minor concern was the low numbers of participants in some subgroups.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To test subgroups of a community-based sample of individuals with spinal cord injury, categorized by the application of current recommendations by the International Spinal Cord Society.

DESIGN

Community survey.

PARTICIPANTS

Individuals with traumatic and non-traumatic spinal cord injury residing in Switzerland.

METHODS

Recommended subgroups of age, gender, years since injury, severity of injury and aetiology were tested against the following criteria: (i) distribution of participants across categories; (ii) within- and between-group variability with regard to selected outcomes of functioning and quality of life.

RESULTS

Data-sets for 1,549 participants (28.5% women; mean age 52 ± 15 years) were available for analyses. There was a number of participants in every subgroup, yet numbers were relatively small in the group with the shortest time since injury (< 1 year; n = 23) and in the oldest age group (≥ 76; n = 94). A high variability in some outcomes was detected between categories. All variables were predictive for most of the endpoints investigated.

CONCLUSION

Recommended categorization could well fit the present sample. A minor concern was the low numbers of participants in some subgroups.

Statistics

Citations

5 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2016
Deposited On:11 Nov 2016 14:06
Last Modified:12 Nov 2016 08:36
Publisher:Foundation for Rehabilitation Information
ISSN:1650-1977
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2029
PubMed ID:26926918

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