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Resuscitation with polymeric plasma substitutes is permissive for systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis in multiply injured patients: a retrospective cohort study


Sprengel, Kai; Simmen, Hanspeter; Werner, Clément M L; Sulser, Simon; Plecko, Michael; Keller, Catharina; Mica, Ladislav (2016). Resuscitation with polymeric plasma substitutes is permissive for systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis in multiply injured patients: a retrospective cohort study. European Journal of Medical Research, 21(1):39.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Multiple trauma is often accompanied by systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of polymeric plasma substitutes on the development of SIRS or sepsis. METHODS: We included 2969 patients aged ≥16 years with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) >16 in this study. The sample was subdivided into three groups: patients who did not receive colloids and those who received <5L colloids and >5L colloids within the first 48 h. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS® for Windows version 22.0; analysis of variance was used for continuous normally distributed data and Kruskal-Wallis test for categorical data. The predictive quality of colloid treatment was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Independent predictively was analyzed by binary logistic regression. Data were considered significant if P < 0.05. Data are presented as the mean ± standard deviation. RESULTS: The SIRS score increased with the amount of colloid used (1.9 ± 1.4 vs. 2.4 ± 1.2 vs. 3.2 ± 0.9; P < 0.001). However, the predictive quality was low, with an area under the ROC of 0.693 for SIRS and 0.669 for sepsis (P < 0.001). Binary logistic regression revealed colloids as an independent factor for the development of SIRS and sepsis (odds ratios: SIRS 3.325 and sepsis 8.984; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Besides other factors, colloids have a significant permissive effect and are independent predictors for the development of SIRS and sepsis in multiply injured patients. Trial registration 'Retrospektive Analysen in der Chirurgischen Intensivmedizin' No. St. V. 01-2008.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Multiple trauma is often accompanied by systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of polymeric plasma substitutes on the development of SIRS or sepsis. METHODS: We included 2969 patients aged ≥16 years with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) >16 in this study. The sample was subdivided into three groups: patients who did not receive colloids and those who received <5L colloids and >5L colloids within the first 48 h. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS® for Windows version 22.0; analysis of variance was used for continuous normally distributed data and Kruskal-Wallis test for categorical data. The predictive quality of colloid treatment was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Independent predictively was analyzed by binary logistic regression. Data were considered significant if P < 0.05. Data are presented as the mean ± standard deviation. RESULTS: The SIRS score increased with the amount of colloid used (1.9 ± 1.4 vs. 2.4 ± 1.2 vs. 3.2 ± 0.9; P < 0.001). However, the predictive quality was low, with an area under the ROC of 0.693 for SIRS and 0.669 for sepsis (P < 0.001). Binary logistic regression revealed colloids as an independent factor for the development of SIRS and sepsis (odds ratios: SIRS 3.325 and sepsis 8.984; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Besides other factors, colloids have a significant permissive effect and are independent predictors for the development of SIRS and sepsis in multiply injured patients. Trial registration 'Retrospektive Analysen in der Chirurgischen Intensivmedizin' No. St. V. 01-2008.

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Item Type:Journal Article, not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Department of Trauma Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:2016
Deposited On:17 Nov 2016 11:37
Last Modified:02 Feb 2018 10:41
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:2047-783X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s40001-016-0227-8
PubMed ID:27737718

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