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Metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 neuroimaging in schizophrenia


Akkus, Funda; Treyer, Valerie; Ametamey, Simon M; Johayem, Anass; Buck, Alfred; Hasler, Gregor (2017). Metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 neuroimaging in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 183:95-101.

Abstract

The metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) is a promising drug target for the treatment of schizophrenia. In this study, we compared mGluR5 distribution volume ration (DVR) in subjects with schizophrenia and healthy controls. Given our previous findings, we matched samples for gender, age, and smoking status. Binding to mGluR5 was determined using positron emission tomography and [(11)C]ABP688, which binds to an allosteric site with high selectivity. DVR in the 15 individuals with schizophrenia did not differ from that of the 15 controls. In both groups, smoking was associated with marked global reductions in mGluR5 availability (on average 23.8%). In nonsmoking subjects with schizophrenia, there was a positive correlation between mGluR5 DVR in the medial orbitofrontal cortex and the use of antipsychotic drugs (r=0.9, p=0.019). Because antipsychotic drugs such as clozapine appeared to have indirect effects on mGluR5 signaling, our findings may be clinically relevant. They also provide promising leads for elucidating the high comorbidity between schizophrenia and tobacco addiction. Low mGluR5 DVR in smokers my represent a risk factor for schizophrenia. Alternatively, smoking may counteract the potential upregulation of mGluR5 by antipsychotic drugs.

Abstract

The metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) is a promising drug target for the treatment of schizophrenia. In this study, we compared mGluR5 distribution volume ration (DVR) in subjects with schizophrenia and healthy controls. Given our previous findings, we matched samples for gender, age, and smoking status. Binding to mGluR5 was determined using positron emission tomography and [(11)C]ABP688, which binds to an allosteric site with high selectivity. DVR in the 15 individuals with schizophrenia did not differ from that of the 15 controls. In both groups, smoking was associated with marked global reductions in mGluR5 availability (on average 23.8%). In nonsmoking subjects with schizophrenia, there was a positive correlation between mGluR5 DVR in the medial orbitofrontal cortex and the use of antipsychotic drugs (r=0.9, p=0.019). Because antipsychotic drugs such as clozapine appeared to have indirect effects on mGluR5 signaling, our findings may be clinically relevant. They also provide promising leads for elucidating the high comorbidity between schizophrenia and tobacco addiction. Low mGluR5 DVR in smokers my represent a risk factor for schizophrenia. Alternatively, smoking may counteract the potential upregulation of mGluR5 by antipsychotic drugs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:21 Nov 2016 10:13
Last Modified:13 May 2017 01:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0920-9964
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2016.11.008
PubMed ID:27847228

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