Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Compensatory saccades in head impulse testing influence the dynamic visual acuity of patients with unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy1


Wettstein, V G; Weber, K P; Bockisch, C J; Hegemann, S C (2016). Compensatory saccades in head impulse testing influence the dynamic visual acuity of patients with unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy1. Journal of Vestibular Research, 26(4):395-402.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Both the dynamic visual acuity (DVA) test and the video head-impulse test (vHIT) are fast and simple ways to assess peripheral vestibulopathy. After losing peripheral vestibular function, some patients show better DVA performance than others, suggesting good compensatory mechanisms. It seems possible that compensatory covert saccades could be responsible for improved DVA. OBJECTIVE To investigate VOR gain and compensatory saccades with vHIT and compare them to the DVA of patients with unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy. METHODS VOR gain deficit and compensatory saccades were measured with vHIT. VOR gain was calculated for each trial as mean eye velocity divided by mean head velocity during 4 samples between 24 ms - 40 ms after peak head acceleration. DVA was then assessed. VHIT was analyzed for percentage of covert saccades and for cumulative overt saccade amplitude. Twenty-four patients with unilateral vestibular deficit were included. A control group of 113 healthy subjects provided normal data. RESULTS On the affected side, pathologic values for DVA (mean 0.83 logMAR±0.25 SD) and VOR gain (mean 0.16±0.13) were obtained, whereas the healthy side showed normal values (0.53 logMAR±0.15 for DVA and 0.89±0.18 for VOR gain). Yet, DVA performance on the affected side was significantly better in patients with higher covert saccade percentage (p = 0.012) and lower cumulative overt saccade amplitude (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION Compensatory covert saccades seen in vHIT correlate with improved performance of DVA-testing in patients with unilateral peripheral vestibular loss. Hence, in addition to testing peripheral vestibulopathy, our results indicate a way for assessing rehabilitatory compensation in such patients by DVA in addition to vHIT.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Both the dynamic visual acuity (DVA) test and the video head-impulse test (vHIT) are fast and simple ways to assess peripheral vestibulopathy. After losing peripheral vestibular function, some patients show better DVA performance than others, suggesting good compensatory mechanisms. It seems possible that compensatory covert saccades could be responsible for improved DVA. OBJECTIVE To investigate VOR gain and compensatory saccades with vHIT and compare them to the DVA of patients with unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy. METHODS VOR gain deficit and compensatory saccades were measured with vHIT. VOR gain was calculated for each trial as mean eye velocity divided by mean head velocity during 4 samples between 24 ms - 40 ms after peak head acceleration. DVA was then assessed. VHIT was analyzed for percentage of covert saccades and for cumulative overt saccade amplitude. Twenty-four patients with unilateral vestibular deficit were included. A control group of 113 healthy subjects provided normal data. RESULTS On the affected side, pathologic values for DVA (mean 0.83 logMAR±0.25 SD) and VOR gain (mean 0.16±0.13) were obtained, whereas the healthy side showed normal values (0.53 logMAR±0.15 for DVA and 0.89±0.18 for VOR gain). Yet, DVA performance on the affected side was significantly better in patients with higher covert saccade percentage (p = 0.012) and lower cumulative overt saccade amplitude (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION Compensatory covert saccades seen in vHIT correlate with improved performance of DVA-testing in patients with unilateral peripheral vestibular loss. Hence, in addition to testing peripheral vestibulopathy, our results indicate a way for assessing rehabilitatory compensation in such patients by DVA in addition to vHIT.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 22 Nov 2016
2 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:3 November 2016
Deposited On:22 Nov 2016 07:29
Last Modified:22 Nov 2016 07:29
Publisher:I O S Press
ISSN:0957-4271
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3233/VES-160591
PubMed ID:27814315

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 810kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations