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Cardiac remodeling in erythropoietin-transgenic mice


Briest, W; Homagk, L; Baba, H A; Deten, A; Rassler, B; Tannapfel, A; Wagner, K F; Wenger, R H; Zimmer, H G (2004). Cardiac remodeling in erythropoietin-transgenic mice. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, 14(4-6):277-284.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Transgenic (tg) mice with chronic overexpression of the human erythropoietin gene are characterized by an increased hematocrit of about 0.80 in adulthood. This is accompanied by cardiac dysfunction and premature death. The aim of this study was to examine whether this cardiac dysfunction was accompanied by hypertrophy of the heart with remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM). METHODS: 3-months-old wild type (wt) and tg mice without cardiac hypertrophy were compared with the respective 7-months-old mice. The mRNA of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2, -8, -9, -13, of the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, -2, -3, -4 and of collagen I and III was detected by ribonuclease protection assay. The activity of MMPs was measured by zymography. RESULTS: There was hypertrophy of both ventricles in 7-months-old tg mice, which was accompanied by elevated mRNA expression of BNP. MMP-2 activity was increased and MMP-9 activity was decreased in the left ventricle (LV) of 3-months-old tg mice. This was accompanied by elevated TIMP-4 expression, followed by a shift of collagen mRNA expression from type III to type I in this ventricle. CONCLUSION: The shift to collagen I in the heart of tg mice might be associated with a stiffer ventricle resulting in diastolic dysfunction. This may be responsible for a relative and intermittent LV- and right ventricle (RV)-insufficiency which was likely to have occurred as evidenced by the elevation of lung and liver weight with hemorrhage and interstitial fibrosis after 7 months.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Transgenic (tg) mice with chronic overexpression of the human erythropoietin gene are characterized by an increased hematocrit of about 0.80 in adulthood. This is accompanied by cardiac dysfunction and premature death. The aim of this study was to examine whether this cardiac dysfunction was accompanied by hypertrophy of the heart with remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM). METHODS: 3-months-old wild type (wt) and tg mice without cardiac hypertrophy were compared with the respective 7-months-old mice. The mRNA of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2, -8, -9, -13, of the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, -2, -3, -4 and of collagen I and III was detected by ribonuclease protection assay. The activity of MMPs was measured by zymography. RESULTS: There was hypertrophy of both ventricles in 7-months-old tg mice, which was accompanied by elevated mRNA expression of BNP. MMP-2 activity was increased and MMP-9 activity was decreased in the left ventricle (LV) of 3-months-old tg mice. This was accompanied by elevated TIMP-4 expression, followed by a shift of collagen mRNA expression from type III to type I in this ventricle. CONCLUSION: The shift to collagen I in the heart of tg mice might be associated with a stiffer ventricle resulting in diastolic dysfunction. This may be responsible for a relative and intermittent LV- and right ventricle (RV)-insufficiency which was likely to have occurred as evidenced by the elevation of lung and liver weight with hemorrhage and interstitial fibrosis after 7 months.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2004
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:22
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 20:27
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1015-8987
Additional Information:The final, published version of this article is available at http://www.karger.com/?doi=10.1159/000080337
OA Status:Gold
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000080337
PubMed ID:15319531

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