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Endogenous VMH amylin signaling is required for full leptin signaling and protection from diet-induced obesity


Dunn-Meynell, Ambrose A; Le Foll, Christelle; Johnson, Miranda D; Lutz, Thomas A; Hayes, Matthew R; Levin, Barry E (2016). Endogenous VMH amylin signaling is required for full leptin signaling and protection from diet-induced obesity. American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 310(4):R355-R365.

Abstract

Amylin enhances arcuate (ARC) and ventromedial (VMN) hypothalamic nuclei leptin signaling and synergistically reduces food intake and body weight in selectively bred diet-induced obese (DIO) rats. Since DIO (125)I-amylin dorsomedial nucleus-dorsomedial VMN binding was reduced, we postulated that this contributed to DIO ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) leptin resistance, and that impairing VMH (ARC + VMN) calcitonin receptor (CTR)-mediated signaling by injecting adeno-associated virus (AAV) expressing a short hairpin portion of the CTR mRNA would predispose diet-resistant (DR) rats to obesity on high-fat (45%) diet (HFD). Depleting VMH CTR by 80-90% in 4-wk-old male DR rats reduced their ARC and VMN (125)I-labeled leptin binding by 57 and 51%, respectively, and VMN leptin-induced phospho-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3-positive neurons by 59% vs. AAV control rats. After 6 wk on chow, VMH CTR-depleted DR rats ate and gained the equivalent amount of food and weight but had 18% heavier fat pads (relative to carcass weight), 144% higher leptin levels, and were insulin resistant compared with control AAV DR rats. After 6 wk more on HFD, VMH CTR-depleted DR rats ate the same amount but gained 28% more weight, had 60% more carcass fat, 254% higher leptin levels, and 132% higher insulin areas under the curve during an oral glucose tolerance test than control DR rats. Therefore, impairing endogenous VMH CTR-mediated signaling reduced leptin signaling and caused DR rats to become more obese and insulin resistant, both on chow and HFD. These results suggest that endogenous VMH amylin signaling is required for full leptin signaling and protection from HFD-induced obesity.

Abstract

Amylin enhances arcuate (ARC) and ventromedial (VMN) hypothalamic nuclei leptin signaling and synergistically reduces food intake and body weight in selectively bred diet-induced obese (DIO) rats. Since DIO (125)I-amylin dorsomedial nucleus-dorsomedial VMN binding was reduced, we postulated that this contributed to DIO ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) leptin resistance, and that impairing VMH (ARC + VMN) calcitonin receptor (CTR)-mediated signaling by injecting adeno-associated virus (AAV) expressing a short hairpin portion of the CTR mRNA would predispose diet-resistant (DR) rats to obesity on high-fat (45%) diet (HFD). Depleting VMH CTR by 80-90% in 4-wk-old male DR rats reduced their ARC and VMN (125)I-labeled leptin binding by 57 and 51%, respectively, and VMN leptin-induced phospho-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3-positive neurons by 59% vs. AAV control rats. After 6 wk on chow, VMH CTR-depleted DR rats ate and gained the equivalent amount of food and weight but had 18% heavier fat pads (relative to carcass weight), 144% higher leptin levels, and were insulin resistant compared with control AAV DR rats. After 6 wk more on HFD, VMH CTR-depleted DR rats ate the same amount but gained 28% more weight, had 60% more carcass fat, 254% higher leptin levels, and 132% higher insulin areas under the curve during an oral glucose tolerance test than control DR rats. Therefore, impairing endogenous VMH CTR-mediated signaling reduced leptin signaling and caused DR rats to become more obese and insulin resistant, both on chow and HFD. These results suggest that endogenous VMH amylin signaling is required for full leptin signaling and protection from HFD-induced obesity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:15 February 2016
Deposited On:24 Nov 2016 09:30
Last Modified:27 Nov 2016 06:22
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0363-6119
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00462.2015
PubMed ID:26676252

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