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Xrs2 dependent and independent functions of the Mre11-Rad50 complex


Oh, Julyun; Al-Zain, Amr; Cannavo, Elda; Cejka, Petr; Symington, Lorraine S (2016). Xrs2 dependent and independent functions of the Mre11-Rad50 complex. Molecular Cell, 64(2):405-415.

Abstract

The Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2/Nbs1 (MRX/N) complex orchestrates the cellular response to DSBs through its structural, enzymatic, and signaling roles. Xrs2/Nbs1 is essential for nuclear translocation of Mre11, but its role as a component of the complex is not well defined. Here, we demonstrate that nuclear localization of Mre11 (Mre11-NLS) is able to bypass several functions of Xrs2, including DNA end resection, meiosis, hairpin resolution, and cellular resistance to clastogens. Using purified components, we show that the MR complex has equivalent activity to MRX in cleavage of protein-blocked DNA ends. Although Xrs2 physically interacts with Sae2, we found that end resection in its absence remains Sae2 dependent in vivo and in vitro. MRE11-NLS was unable to rescue the xrs2Δ defects in Tel1/ATM kinase signaling and non-homologous end joining, consistent with the role of Xrs2 as a chaperone and adaptor protein coordinating interactions between the MR complex and other repair proteins.

Abstract

The Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2/Nbs1 (MRX/N) complex orchestrates the cellular response to DSBs through its structural, enzymatic, and signaling roles. Xrs2/Nbs1 is essential for nuclear translocation of Mre11, but its role as a component of the complex is not well defined. Here, we demonstrate that nuclear localization of Mre11 (Mre11-NLS) is able to bypass several functions of Xrs2, including DNA end resection, meiosis, hairpin resolution, and cellular resistance to clastogens. Using purified components, we show that the MR complex has equivalent activity to MRX in cleavage of protein-blocked DNA ends. Although Xrs2 physically interacts with Sae2, we found that end resection in its absence remains Sae2 dependent in vivo and in vitro. MRE11-NLS was unable to rescue the xrs2Δ defects in Tel1/ATM kinase signaling and non-homologous end joining, consistent with the role of Xrs2 as a chaperone and adaptor protein coordinating interactions between the MR complex and other repair proteins.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:20 October 2016
Deposited On:05 Dec 2016 08:34
Last Modified:01 Jan 2017 06:11
Publisher:Cell Press (Elsevier)
ISSN:1097-2765
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2016.09.011
PubMed ID:27746018

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