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Endothelin inhibition delays onset of hyperglycemia and associated vascular injury in type I diabetes: Evidence for endothelin release by pancreatic islet β-cells


Ortmann, Jana; Nett, Philipp C; Celeiro, Jennifer; Traupe, Tobias; Tornillo, Luigi; Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina; Haas, Elvira; Frank, Beat; Terraciano, Luigi M; Barton, Matthias (2005). Endothelin inhibition delays onset of hyperglycemia and associated vascular injury in type I diabetes: Evidence for endothelin release by pancreatic islet β-cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 334(2):689-695.

Abstract

This study investigated the role of endothelin-1 for hyperglycemia, vascular, and pancreatic injury in early type I diabetes in non-obese-diabetic (NOD) mice. Endothelium dependent relaxation to acetylcholine and vascular gene expression of endothelin converting enzyme (ECE) isoforms 1 and 2 were studied as indicators of vascular injury. Endothelial NO bioactivity in the aorta was reduced in diabetic NOD mice while vascular expression of ECE-1 and ECE-2 mRNA was increased compared with controls (all p<0.05). Vascular histology was normal in all animals. Unexpectedly, treatment of prediabetic NOD mice for 6 weeks with the orally active ET(A) receptor antagonist BSF461314 prevented onset of diabetes without affecting insulitis severity. ET(A) receptor blockade also restored abnormal endothelial NO bioactivity and reduced ECE-1 and ECE-2 gene expression in NOD mice to levels comparable with healthy controls (p<0.05). Moreover, secretion of endothelin-1 in a time-dependent fashion was observed by pancreatic islet beta-cells cultured in vitro. These data suggest a critical role for ET(A) receptor signaling in the development of autoimmune forms of diabetes and the early vascular injury associated with it

Abstract

This study investigated the role of endothelin-1 for hyperglycemia, vascular, and pancreatic injury in early type I diabetes in non-obese-diabetic (NOD) mice. Endothelium dependent relaxation to acetylcholine and vascular gene expression of endothelin converting enzyme (ECE) isoforms 1 and 2 were studied as indicators of vascular injury. Endothelial NO bioactivity in the aorta was reduced in diabetic NOD mice while vascular expression of ECE-1 and ECE-2 mRNA was increased compared with controls (all p<0.05). Vascular histology was normal in all animals. Unexpectedly, treatment of prediabetic NOD mice for 6 weeks with the orally active ET(A) receptor antagonist BSF461314 prevented onset of diabetes without affecting insulitis severity. ET(A) receptor blockade also restored abnormal endothelial NO bioactivity and reduced ECE-1 and ECE-2 gene expression in NOD mice to levels comparable with healthy controls (p<0.05). Moreover, secretion of endothelin-1 in a time-dependent fashion was observed by pancreatic islet beta-cells cultured in vitro. These data suggest a critical role for ET(A) receptor signaling in the development of autoimmune forms of diabetes and the early vascular injury associated with it

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2005
Deposited On:29 Nov 2016 11:22
Last Modified:29 Nov 2016 11:22
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-291X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.06.140
PubMed ID:16009335

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