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Upregulation of vascular ET(B) receptor gene expression after chronic ET(A) receptor blockade in prediabetic NOD mice


Ortmann, Jana; Traupe, Tobias; Nett, Philipp; Celeiro, Jennifer; Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina; Lange, Melanie; Vetter, Wilhelm; Barton, Matthias (2004). Upregulation of vascular ET(B) receptor gene expression after chronic ET(A) receptor blockade in prediabetic NOD mice. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 44(Suppl 1):S105-S108.

Abstract

In the aorta of prediabetic non-obese diabetic mice, a model of human type 1 diabetes, we investigated gene expression of the endothelin receptors and contractility to big endothelin-1 and endothelin-1 at the ages of 10 and 16 weeks. A subgroup of 10- week-old animals was treated with the endothelin ETA receptor antagonist LU461314 (30 mg/kg per day for 6 weeks). Blood glucose levels were normal in all animals. Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that vascular ETB receptor expression was higher in 10-week-old non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice compared with controls. In 16-week-old NOD mice, but not in control mice, ETB receptor mRNA was twofold lower (P < 0.05 vs 10-week-old NOD mice). In all groups ETA receptor expression was unaffected by age or treatment. Contractions to big endothelin-1 and endothelin-1 were lower in 10-week-old NOD mice compared with controls. Treatment with LU461314 increased ETB receptor expression in 16-week-old NOD mice, but had no effect on vascular contractility. These data indicate that dysregulation of ETB receptor expression and a decreased contractile response to big endothelin-1 and endothelin-1 are present in the prediabetic state of a model of human type 1 diabetes. These alterations occur independent of glucose levels. Furthermore, ETA receptor blockade is effective in increasing ETB receptor gene expression, suggesting a potential role for endothelin ETA antagonists in the treatment of type 1 diabetes.

Abstract

In the aorta of prediabetic non-obese diabetic mice, a model of human type 1 diabetes, we investigated gene expression of the endothelin receptors and contractility to big endothelin-1 and endothelin-1 at the ages of 10 and 16 weeks. A subgroup of 10- week-old animals was treated with the endothelin ETA receptor antagonist LU461314 (30 mg/kg per day for 6 weeks). Blood glucose levels were normal in all animals. Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that vascular ETB receptor expression was higher in 10-week-old non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice compared with controls. In 16-week-old NOD mice, but not in control mice, ETB receptor mRNA was twofold lower (P < 0.05 vs 10-week-old NOD mice). In all groups ETA receptor expression was unaffected by age or treatment. Contractions to big endothelin-1 and endothelin-1 were lower in 10-week-old NOD mice compared with controls. Treatment with LU461314 increased ETB receptor expression in 16-week-old NOD mice, but had no effect on vascular contractility. These data indicate that dysregulation of ETB receptor expression and a decreased contractile response to big endothelin-1 and endothelin-1 are present in the prediabetic state of a model of human type 1 diabetes. These alterations occur independent of glucose levels. Furthermore, ETA receptor blockade is effective in increasing ETB receptor gene expression, suggesting a potential role for endothelin ETA antagonists in the treatment of type 1 diabetes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:November 2004
Deposited On:29 Nov 2016 11:53
Last Modified:04 Dec 2016 06:32
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0160-2446
Funders:Swiss National Foundation
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/01.fjc.0000166230.26583.f8
PubMed ID:15838254

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