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Health and skill formation in early childhood


Biroli, Pietro (2016). Health and skill formation in early childhood. UBS Center Working Paper Series 17, University of Zurich.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the developmental origins and the evolution of health, cognitive, and socio-emotional skills during early childhood, from age 0 to 5. We explicitly model the dynamic interactions of health with the child’s behavior and cognitive skills, as well as the role of parental investment. A dynamic factor model corrects for the presence of measurement error in the proxy for the latent traits. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we find that children’s capabilities strongly interact and build on each other: health is an important determinant of early socio-emotional development; in turn socio-emotional skills have a positive impact on the evolution of both health and cognitive functions; on the other side, the effect of cognitive abilities on health is negligible. Furthermore, all facets of human capital display a high degree of persistence. Finally, mother’s investments are an important determinant of the child’s health, cognitive, and socio-emotional development early in life.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the developmental origins and the evolution of health, cognitive, and socio-emotional skills during early childhood, from age 0 to 5. We explicitly model the dynamic interactions of health with the child’s behavior and cognitive skills, as well as the role of parental investment. A dynamic factor model corrects for the presence of measurement error in the proxy for the latent traits. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we find that children’s capabilities strongly interact and build on each other: health is an important determinant of early socio-emotional development; in turn socio-emotional skills have a positive impact on the evolution of both health and cognitive functions; on the other side, the effect of cognitive abilities on health is negligible. Furthermore, all facets of human capital display a high degree of persistence. Finally, mother’s investments are an important determinant of the child’s health, cognitive, and socio-emotional development early in life.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
03 Faculty of Economics > UBS International Center of Economics in Society
Working Paper Series > UBS Center Working Paper Series
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:J24, J13, I10, I12, I14
Uncontrolled Keywords:Human capital, health, early childhood, family investment, intergenerational transmission, ALSPAC
Language:English
Date:November 2016
Deposited On:29 Nov 2016 15:55
Last Modified:02 Jun 2017 20:01
Series Name:UBS Center Working Paper Series
Number of Pages:35
ISSN:2296-2778
Official URL:http://www.ubscenter.uzh.ch/assets/workingpapers/WP17_health_and_skill_formation_in_early_childhood.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.ubscenter.uzh.ch/index.php/de/publications/workingpapers

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