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The 9/11 dust cloud and pregnancy outcomes: a reconsideration


Currie, Janet; Schwandt, Hannes (2016). The 9/11 dust cloud and pregnancy outcomes: a reconsideration. Journal of Human Resources, 51(4):805-831.

Abstract

The events of 9/11 released a million tons of toxic dust into lower Manhattan, an unparalleled environmental disaster. It is puzzling, then, that the literature has shown little effect of fetal exposure to the dust. However, inference is complicated by preexisting differences between the affected mothers and other NYC mothers as well as heterogeneity in effects on boys and girls. Using all births in-utero on 9/11 in NYC and comparing them to their siblings, we show that residence in the affected area increased prematurity and low birth weight, especially for boys.

Abstract

The events of 9/11 released a million tons of toxic dust into lower Manhattan, an unparalleled environmental disaster. It is puzzling, then, that the literature has shown little effect of fetal exposure to the dust. However, inference is complicated by preexisting differences between the affected mothers and other NYC mothers as well as heterogeneity in effects on boys and girls. Using all births in-utero on 9/11 in NYC and comparing them to their siblings, we show that residence in the affected area increased prematurity and low birth weight, especially for boys.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:08 Dec 2016 14:10
Last Modified:08 Dec 2016 14:10
Publisher:University of Wisconsin Press * Journal Division
ISSN:0022-166X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3368/jhr.51.4.0714-6533R
Official URL:http://muse.jhu.edu/journal/556

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