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Persistent generalized periodic discharges: A specific marker of fatal outcome in cerebral hypoxia


Renzel, R; Baumann, C R; Mothersill, I; Poryazova, R (2017). Persistent generalized periodic discharges: A specific marker of fatal outcome in cerebral hypoxia. Clinical Neurophysiology, 128(1):147-152.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Electroencephalography (EEG) is one of the methods used in predicting the outcome after cerebral hypoxia. In this study we aim to evaluate the significance of generalized periodic discharges (GPD) as a prognostic marker. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the medical histories of patients, who underwent an EEG after cardiac arrest during the time period from 2005 to 2013 at the University Hospital Zurich. All EEGs were re-interpreted using the 2012 American Clinical Neurophysiology Society (ACNS) classification for intensive care unit (ICU) EEGs. RESULTS Out of 131 patients, in which an EEG was recorded after cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 119 were included in our study. The average interval between cardiac arrest and EEG-recording was 3.8±3.0days (range: 0-14days). Persistent GPDs (i.e. GPDs more than 24h after the event) were found in thirty-two (26.9%) of the patients initial EEGs. The appearance of persistent GPDs preceded fatal outcome in 100% of all cases (vs. 69.0% in the non-GPD-group, p<0.0001). CONCLUSION Among other encephalopathic markers in EEG persistent GPDs are a highly specific prognostic marker of fatal outcome in patients with hypoxic encephalopathy. SIGNIFICANCE Using standardized EEG interpretation, this study identified persistent GPDs as a specific prognostic marker in post cardiac arrest syndrome.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Electroencephalography (EEG) is one of the methods used in predicting the outcome after cerebral hypoxia. In this study we aim to evaluate the significance of generalized periodic discharges (GPD) as a prognostic marker. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the medical histories of patients, who underwent an EEG after cardiac arrest during the time period from 2005 to 2013 at the University Hospital Zurich. All EEGs were re-interpreted using the 2012 American Clinical Neurophysiology Society (ACNS) classification for intensive care unit (ICU) EEGs. RESULTS Out of 131 patients, in which an EEG was recorded after cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 119 were included in our study. The average interval between cardiac arrest and EEG-recording was 3.8±3.0days (range: 0-14days). Persistent GPDs (i.e. GPDs more than 24h after the event) were found in thirty-two (26.9%) of the patients initial EEGs. The appearance of persistent GPDs preceded fatal outcome in 100% of all cases (vs. 69.0% in the non-GPD-group, p<0.0001). CONCLUSION Among other encephalopathic markers in EEG persistent GPDs are a highly specific prognostic marker of fatal outcome in patients with hypoxic encephalopathy. SIGNIFICANCE Using standardized EEG interpretation, this study identified persistent GPDs as a specific prognostic marker in post cardiac arrest syndrome.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:5 January 2017
Deposited On:09 Dec 2016 07:36
Last Modified:31 Jan 2017 08:32
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1388-2457
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2016.10.091
PubMed ID:27894023

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