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Vigilance and sustained attention in children and adults with ADHD


Tucha, L; Tucha, O; Walitza, S; Sontag, T A; Laufkötter, R; Linder, M; Lange, K W (2009). Vigilance and sustained attention in children and adults with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 12(5):410-421.

Abstract

Objective: The present article tests the hypothesis of a sustained attention deficit in children and adults suffering from ADHD. Method: Vigilance and sustained attention of 52 children with ADHD and 38 adults with ADHD were assessed using a computerized vigilance task. Furthermore, the attentional performance of healthy children (N = 52) and healthy adults (N = 38) was examined. Results: Children and adults with ADHD performed significantly less well in the vigilance task than healthy participants (main effect for group). Furthermore, children and adults showed a significant decrease of performance over time (time-on-task effects). However, there was no greater decrement of performance with the passage of time in patient groups than in control groups (group-by-time interaction). Conclusion: The present results do not support the hypothesis of a sustained attention deficit in children and adults with ADHD.

Abstract

Objective: The present article tests the hypothesis of a sustained attention deficit in children and adults suffering from ADHD. Method: Vigilance and sustained attention of 52 children with ADHD and 38 adults with ADHD were assessed using a computerized vigilance task. Furthermore, the attentional performance of healthy children (N = 52) and healthy adults (N = 38) was examined. Results: Children and adults with ADHD performed significantly less well in the vigilance task than healthy participants (main effect for group). Furthermore, children and adults showed a significant decrease of performance over time (time-on-task effects). However, there was no greater decrement of performance with the passage of time in patient groups than in control groups (group-by-time interaction). Conclusion: The present results do not support the hypothesis of a sustained attention deficit in children and adults with ADHD.

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42 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Center for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 April 2009
Deposited On:07 Feb 2009 12:56
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 17:50
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:1087-0547
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054708315065
PubMed ID:18400983

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