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Bilateral Sensory Changes and High Burden of Disease in Patients with Chronic Pain and Unilateral Nondermatomal Somatosensory Deficits: A Quantitative Sensory Testing and Clinical Study


Landmann, Gunther; Dumat, Wolfgang; Egloff, Niklaus; Gantenbein, Andreas R; Matter, Sibylle; Pirotta, Roberto; Sándor, Peter S; Schleinzer, Wolfgang; Seifert, Burkhardt; Sprott, Heiko; Stockinger, Lenka; Riederer, Franz (2017). Bilateral Sensory Changes and High Burden of Disease in Patients with Chronic Pain and Unilateral Nondermatomal Somatosensory Deficits: A Quantitative Sensory Testing and Clinical Study. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 33(8):746-755.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Widespread sensory deficits resembling hemihypoaesthesia occur in 20-40% of chronic pain patients on the side of pain, independent of pain aetiology, and have been termed nondermatomal sensory deficits (NDSD). Sensory profiles have rarely been investigated in NDSD. METHODS Quantitative sensory testing (QST) according to the protocol of the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain (DFNS) was performed in the face, hand and foot of the painful body side and in contralateral regions in chronic pain patients. Twenty-five patients with NDSD and 23 without NDSD (termed pain-only group) were included after exclusion of neuropathic pain. Comprehensive clinical and psychiatric evaluations were done. RESULTS NDSD in chronic pain was associated with high burden of disease and more widespread pain. Only in the NDSD group significantly higher thresholds for mechanical and painful stimuli were found in at least 2 of 3 regions ipsilateral to pain. In addition, we found a bilateral loss of function for temperature and vibration detection, and a gain of function for pressure pain in certain regions in patients with NDSD. Sensory loss and gain of function for pressure pain correlated with pain intensity in several regions. DISCUSSION This may indicate a distinct sensory profile in chronic non-neuropathic pain and NDSD, probably attributable to altered central pain processing and sensitisation. The presence of NDSD in chronic non-neuropathic pain may be regarded as a marker for higher burden of pain disease.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Widespread sensory deficits resembling hemihypoaesthesia occur in 20-40% of chronic pain patients on the side of pain, independent of pain aetiology, and have been termed nondermatomal sensory deficits (NDSD). Sensory profiles have rarely been investigated in NDSD. METHODS Quantitative sensory testing (QST) according to the protocol of the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain (DFNS) was performed in the face, hand and foot of the painful body side and in contralateral regions in chronic pain patients. Twenty-five patients with NDSD and 23 without NDSD (termed pain-only group) were included after exclusion of neuropathic pain. Comprehensive clinical and psychiatric evaluations were done. RESULTS NDSD in chronic pain was associated with high burden of disease and more widespread pain. Only in the NDSD group significantly higher thresholds for mechanical and painful stimuli were found in at least 2 of 3 regions ipsilateral to pain. In addition, we found a bilateral loss of function for temperature and vibration detection, and a gain of function for pressure pain in certain regions in patients with NDSD. Sensory loss and gain of function for pressure pain correlated with pain intensity in several regions. DISCUSSION This may indicate a distinct sensory profile in chronic non-neuropathic pain and NDSD, probably attributable to altered central pain processing and sensitisation. The presence of NDSD in chronic non-neuropathic pain may be regarded as a marker for higher burden of pain disease.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:13 Dec 2016 14:21
Last Modified:06 Aug 2017 02:38
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0749-8047
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000456
PubMed ID:27841837

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