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AChR phosphorylation and aggregation induced by an agrin fragment that lacks the binding domain for alpha-dystroglycan


Meier, T; Gesemann, M; Cavalli, V; Ruegg, M A; Wallace, B G (1996). AChR phosphorylation and aggregation induced by an agrin fragment that lacks the binding domain for alpha-dystroglycan. EMBO Journal, 15(11):2625-2631.

Abstract

Agrin induces both phosphorylation and aggregation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) when added to myotubes in culture, apparently by binding to a specific receptor on the myotube surface. One such agrin receptor is alpha-dystroglycan, although binding to alpha-dystroglycan appears not to mediate AChR aggregation. To determine whether agrin-induced AChR phosphorylation is mediated by alpha-dystroglycan or by a different agrin receptor, fragments of recombinant agrin that differ in affinity for alpha-dystroglycan were examined for their ability to induce AChR phosphorylation and aggregation in mouse C2 myotubes. The carboxy-terminal 95 kDa agrin fragment agrin-c95(A0B0), which binds to alpha-dystroglycan with high affinity, failed to induce AChR phosphorylation and aggregation. In contrast, agrin-c95(A4B8) which binds less strongly to alpha-dystroglycan, induced both phosphorylation and aggregation, as did a small 21 kDa fragment of agrin, agrin-c21(B8), that completely lacks the binding domain for alpha-dystroglycan. We conclude that agrin-induced AChR phosphorylation and aggregation are triggered by an agrin receptor that is distinct from alpha-dystroglycan.

Abstract

Agrin induces both phosphorylation and aggregation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) when added to myotubes in culture, apparently by binding to a specific receptor on the myotube surface. One such agrin receptor is alpha-dystroglycan, although binding to alpha-dystroglycan appears not to mediate AChR aggregation. To determine whether agrin-induced AChR phosphorylation is mediated by alpha-dystroglycan or by a different agrin receptor, fragments of recombinant agrin that differ in affinity for alpha-dystroglycan were examined for their ability to induce AChR phosphorylation and aggregation in mouse C2 myotubes. The carboxy-terminal 95 kDa agrin fragment agrin-c95(A0B0), which binds to alpha-dystroglycan with high affinity, failed to induce AChR phosphorylation and aggregation. In contrast, agrin-c95(A4B8) which binds less strongly to alpha-dystroglycan, induced both phosphorylation and aggregation, as did a small 21 kDa fragment of agrin, agrin-c21(B8), that completely lacks the binding domain for alpha-dystroglycan. We conclude that agrin-induced AChR phosphorylation and aggregation are triggered by an agrin receptor that is distinct from alpha-dystroglycan.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1996
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:12
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 13:20
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0261-4189
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Related URLs:http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=450197
PubMed ID:8654359

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