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Mining nearness relations from an n-grams Web corpus in geographical space


Derungs, Curdin; Purves, Ross S (2016). Mining nearness relations from an n-grams Web corpus in geographical space. Spatial Cognition & Computation, 16(4):301-322.

Abstract

Interacting with spatial data effectively requires systems that not only process references to locations, but understand spatial natural language. Empirical research has demonstrated that near is vague, asymmetric and context dependent. We explore near in language using Microsoft Web n-grams for expressions of the form A near*, where A are placenames referring to different spatial granularities, ranging from points of interest to large U.S. cities and * are autocomplete suggestions for placenames. Analyzing the extracted expressions requires consideration of semantic and referent ambiguity. With more than 200,000 expressions we show not only what is considered to be near at different scales, but also produce intuitive maps of nearness for different locations.

Abstract

Interacting with spatial data effectively requires systems that not only process references to locations, but understand spatial natural language. Empirical research has demonstrated that near is vague, asymmetric and context dependent. We explore near in language using Microsoft Web n-grams for expressions of the form A near*, where A are placenames referring to different spatial granularities, ranging from points of interest to large U.S. cities and * are autocomplete suggestions for placenames. Analyzing the extracted expressions requires consideration of semantic and referent ambiguity. With more than 200,000 expressions we show not only what is considered to be near at different scales, but also produce intuitive maps of nearness for different locations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
08 University Research Priority Programs > Language and Space
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:16 Dec 2016 09:46
Last Modified:25 Dec 2016 06:31
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1387-5868
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/13875868.2016.1246553

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