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Effects of stem cell factor on cell homing during functional pulp regeneration in human immature teeth


Ruangsawasdi, Nisarat; Zehnder, Matthias; Patcas, Raphael; Ghayor, Chafik; Siegenthaler, Barbara; Gjoksi, Bebeka; Weber, Franz E (2017). Effects of stem cell factor on cell homing during functional pulp regeneration in human immature teeth. Tissue Engineering. Part A, 23(3-4):115-123.

Abstract

Conventional root canal treatment in immature permanent teeth can lead to early tooth loss in children because root formation is discontinued. We investigated whether the stem cell factor (SCF) could facilitate cell homing in the pulpless immature root canal and promote regeneration of a functional pulp. In vitro, human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were exposed to SCF at various concentrations for assessing cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation toward odonto/osteoblasts by 3D-chemotaxis slides, WST-1 assay, and alkaline phosphatase activity, respectively. Fibrin gels were used to deliver 15 μg/mL SCF for in vivo experiments. The release kinetic of SCF was assessed in vitro. Two corresponding human immature premolars, with or without SCF, were placed at rat calvariae for 6 and 12 weeks. All tooth specimens were either analyzed histologically and the percentage of tissue ingrowth determined or the cells were extracted from the pulp space, and the mRNA level of DMP1, DSPP, Col1, NGF, and VEGF were assessed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In the presence of SCF, we saw an increase in hMSCs directional migration, proliferation, and odonto/osteogenic differentiation. SCF also increased the extent of tissue ingrowth at 6 weeks but not at 12 weeks. However, at this time point, the formed tissue appeared more mature in samples with SCF. In terms of gene transcription, DMP1, Col1, and VEGF were the significantly upregulated genes, while DSPP and NGF were not affected. Our results suggest that SCF can accelerate cell homing and the maturation of the pulp-dentin complex in human immature teeth.

Abstract

Conventional root canal treatment in immature permanent teeth can lead to early tooth loss in children because root formation is discontinued. We investigated whether the stem cell factor (SCF) could facilitate cell homing in the pulpless immature root canal and promote regeneration of a functional pulp. In vitro, human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were exposed to SCF at various concentrations for assessing cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation toward odonto/osteoblasts by 3D-chemotaxis slides, WST-1 assay, and alkaline phosphatase activity, respectively. Fibrin gels were used to deliver 15 μg/mL SCF for in vivo experiments. The release kinetic of SCF was assessed in vitro. Two corresponding human immature premolars, with or without SCF, were placed at rat calvariae for 6 and 12 weeks. All tooth specimens were either analyzed histologically and the percentage of tissue ingrowth determined or the cells were extracted from the pulp space, and the mRNA level of DMP1, DSPP, Col1, NGF, and VEGF were assessed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In the presence of SCF, we saw an increase in hMSCs directional migration, proliferation, and odonto/osteogenic differentiation. SCF also increased the extent of tissue ingrowth at 6 weeks but not at 12 weeks. However, at this time point, the formed tissue appeared more mature in samples with SCF. In terms of gene transcription, DMP1, Col1, and VEGF were the significantly upregulated genes, while DSPP and NGF were not affected. Our results suggest that SCF can accelerate cell homing and the maturation of the pulp-dentin complex in human immature teeth.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:22 Dec 2016 11:21
Last Modified:03 Feb 2017 02:02
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert
ISSN:1937-3341
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1089/ten.TEA.2016.0227
PubMed ID:27762658

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