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Search for violations of Lorentz invariance and $ CPT$ symmetry in $ B^0_{(s)}$ mixing


LHCb Collaboration; Bernet, R; Müller, K; Steinkampf, O; Straumann, U; Vollhardt, A; et al (2016). Search for violations of Lorentz invariance and $ CPT$ symmetry in $ B^0_{(s)}$ mixing. Physical Review Letters, 116:241601.

Abstract

Violations of $ CPT$ symmetry and Lorentz invariance are searched for by studying interference effects in $ B^0$ mixing and in $ B^0_s$ mixing. Samples of $ B^0\to J/\psi K^0_{\mathrm{S}}$ and $ B^0_s\to J/\psi K^+ K^-$ decays are recorded by the LHCb detector in proton--proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb$^{-1}$. No periodic variations of the particle-antiparticle mass differences are found, consistent with Lorentz invariance and $ CPT$ symmetry. Results are expressed in terms of the Standard Model Extension parameter $\Delta a_{\mu}$ with precisions of $ \mathcal{O}(10^{-15})$ and $ \mathcal{O}(10^{-14})$ GeV for the $ B^0$ and $ B^0_s$ systems, respectively. With no assumption on Lorentz (non-)invariance, the $ CPT$-violating parameter $z$ in the $ B^0_s$ system is measured for the first time and found to be $ \mathcal{R}e(z) = -0.022 \pm 0.033 \pm 0.005$ and $ \mathcal{I}m(z) = 0.004 \pm 0.011\pm 0.002$, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.

Abstract

Violations of $ CPT$ symmetry and Lorentz invariance are searched for by studying interference effects in $ B^0$ mixing and in $ B^0_s$ mixing. Samples of $ B^0\to J/\psi K^0_{\mathrm{S}}$ and $ B^0_s\to J/\psi K^+ K^-$ decays are recorded by the LHCb detector in proton--proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb$^{-1}$. No periodic variations of the particle-antiparticle mass differences are found, consistent with Lorentz invariance and $ CPT$ symmetry. Results are expressed in terms of the Standard Model Extension parameter $\Delta a_{\mu}$ with precisions of $ \mathcal{O}(10^{-15})$ and $ \mathcal{O}(10^{-14})$ GeV for the $ B^0$ and $ B^0_s$ systems, respectively. With no assumption on Lorentz (non-)invariance, the $ CPT$-violating parameter $z$ in the $ B^0_s$ system is measured for the first time and found to be $ \mathcal{R}e(z) = -0.022 \pm 0.033 \pm 0.005$ and $ \mathcal{I}m(z) = 0.004 \pm 0.011\pm 0.002$, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:27 Dec 2016 10:12
Last Modified:27 Dec 2016 10:12
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.241601

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