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FIV vaccine studies. II. Clinical findings, hematological changes and kinetics of blood lymphocyte subsets


Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina; Holznagel, Edgar; Aubert, Andre; Bauer-Pham, K; Lutz, Hans (1995). FIV vaccine studies. II. Clinical findings, hematological changes and kinetics of blood lymphocyte subsets. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 46(1-2):115-125.

Abstract

Five groups of cats were vaccinated with different recombinant feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) SU vaccines expressed either in Escherichia coli or in the Baculovirus system. In Part I of this series, we described the humoral immune response and outcome of intraperitoneal FIV challenge exposure. Additionally, all cats were monitored for clinical and hematological changes and the course of blood lymphocyte subsets. These results are described in this present paper. A great increase of antibodies was found after vaccination with different recombinant FIV antigens, which did not protect the cats from intraperitoneal FIV challenge infection. This observation was paralleled by an increase of eosinophils during vaccination which was even more pronounced after challenge infection. After FIV challenge, infection lymphadenopathy, gingivitis, pharyngitis, changes in total leukocytes and neutrophils and a decrease in the CD4+:CD8+ ratio were found in cats of all groups and were considered as a sign of the FIV infection taking place, independent of vaccination. The following observations suggest that in these cats a TH2-like immune response was elicited: the high counts of eosinophils, the nature of antigen and adjuvant (aluminium hydroxide) and the high amounts of antigens used for immunization. Clearly, this type of immune response did not protect the animals from intraperitoneal FIV challenge infection.

Abstract

Five groups of cats were vaccinated with different recombinant feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) SU vaccines expressed either in Escherichia coli or in the Baculovirus system. In Part I of this series, we described the humoral immune response and outcome of intraperitoneal FIV challenge exposure. Additionally, all cats were monitored for clinical and hematological changes and the course of blood lymphocyte subsets. These results are described in this present paper. A great increase of antibodies was found after vaccination with different recombinant FIV antigens, which did not protect the cats from intraperitoneal FIV challenge infection. This observation was paralleled by an increase of eosinophils during vaccination which was even more pronounced after challenge infection. After FIV challenge, infection lymphadenopathy, gingivitis, pharyngitis, changes in total leukocytes and neutrophils and a decrease in the CD4+:CD8+ ratio were found in cats of all groups and were considered as a sign of the FIV infection taking place, independent of vaccination. The following observations suggest that in these cats a TH2-like immune response was elicited: the high counts of eosinophils, the nature of antigen and adjuvant (aluminium hydroxide) and the high amounts of antigens used for immunization. Clearly, this type of immune response did not protect the animals from intraperitoneal FIV challenge infection.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:May 1995
Deposited On:27 Dec 2016 13:02
Last Modified:20 Feb 2018 11:57
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0165-2427
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-2427(94)07011-U
PubMed ID:7618251

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