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Prevention of contrast-induced acute kidney injury by furosemide with matched hydration in patients undergoing interventional procedures. A systematic review and meta-anlysis of randomized trials


Putzu, Alessandro; Boscolo Berto, Martina; Belletti, Alessandro; Pasotti, Elena; Cassina, Tiziano; Moccetti, Tiziano; Pedrazzini, Giovanni (2017). Prevention of contrast-induced acute kidney injury by furosemide with matched hydration in patients undergoing interventional procedures. A systematic review and meta-anlysis of randomized trials. JACC. Cardiovascular interventions, 10(4):355-363.

Abstract

Objectives The objective of this meta-analysis of randomized trials was to evaluate if the administration of furosemide with matched hydration using the RenalGuard System reduces contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in patients undergoing interventional procedures.
Background CI-AKI is a serious complication following angiographic procedures and a powerful predictor of unfavorable early and long-term outcomes.
Methods Online databases were searched up to October 1, 2016, for randomized controlled trials. The primary outcome was the incidence of CI-AKI, and the secondary outcomes were need for renal replacement therapy, mortality, stroke, and adverse events.
Results A total of four trials (n = 698) published between 2011 and 2016 were included in the analysis and included patients undergoing percutaneous coronary procedures and transcatheter aortic valve replacement. RenalGuard therapy was associated with a lower incidence of CI-AKI compared with control treatment (27 of 348 [7.76%] patients vs. 75 of 350 [21.43%] patients; odds ratio [OR]: 0.31; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.19 to 0.50; I2 = 4%; p < 0.00001) and with a lower need for renal replacement therapy (2 of 346 [0.58%] patients vs. 12 of 348 [3.45%] patients; OR: 0.19; 95% CI: 0.05 to 0.76; I2 = 0%; p = 0.02). No major adverse events occurred in patients undergoing RenalGuard therapy.
Conclusions The main finding of this meta-analysis is that furosemide with matched hydration by the RenalGuard System may reduce the incidence of CI-AKI in high-risk patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention or transcatheter aortic valve replacement. However, further independent high-quality randomized trials should elucidate the effectiveness and safety of this prophylactic intervention in interventional cardiology.

Abstract

Objectives The objective of this meta-analysis of randomized trials was to evaluate if the administration of furosemide with matched hydration using the RenalGuard System reduces contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in patients undergoing interventional procedures.
Background CI-AKI is a serious complication following angiographic procedures and a powerful predictor of unfavorable early and long-term outcomes.
Methods Online databases were searched up to October 1, 2016, for randomized controlled trials. The primary outcome was the incidence of CI-AKI, and the secondary outcomes were need for renal replacement therapy, mortality, stroke, and adverse events.
Results A total of four trials (n = 698) published between 2011 and 2016 were included in the analysis and included patients undergoing percutaneous coronary procedures and transcatheter aortic valve replacement. RenalGuard therapy was associated with a lower incidence of CI-AKI compared with control treatment (27 of 348 [7.76%] patients vs. 75 of 350 [21.43%] patients; odds ratio [OR]: 0.31; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.19 to 0.50; I2 = 4%; p < 0.00001) and with a lower need for renal replacement therapy (2 of 346 [0.58%] patients vs. 12 of 348 [3.45%] patients; OR: 0.19; 95% CI: 0.05 to 0.76; I2 = 0%; p = 0.02). No major adverse events occurred in patients undergoing RenalGuard therapy.
Conclusions The main finding of this meta-analysis is that furosemide with matched hydration by the RenalGuard System may reduce the incidence of CI-AKI in high-risk patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention or transcatheter aortic valve replacement. However, further independent high-quality randomized trials should elucidate the effectiveness and safety of this prophylactic intervention in interventional cardiology.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:21 Feb 2017 10:01
Last Modified:21 Feb 2017 10:11
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1876-7605
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2016.11.006

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