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Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy enables rapid differentiation of fresh and frozen/thawed chicken


Grunert, Tom; Stephan, Roger; Ehling-Schulz, Monika; Johler, Sophia (2016). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy enables rapid differentiation of fresh and frozen/thawed chicken. Food Control, 60:361-364.

Abstract

Freezing and thawing affect the sensory profile and the quality of chicken meat, resulting in lower marketability. Retailers are faced with the risk of mislabeling, as fresh and frozen/thawed chicken meat are visually indistinguishable and as there is currently no fast, reproducible, and inexpensive technique for the differentiation of fresh and frozen/thawed chicken implemented in practice. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy represents a new promising technique that determines the overall chemical composition of a sample, thus creating a metabolic spectral fingerprint that can be analyzed by various pattern recognition algorithms. In this study, we aimed to assess the performance of FTIR spectroscopy when applied to the differentiation of fresh and frozen/thawed chicken meat. To this end, we compared the FTIR spectra of chicken stored at 4 °C to those of chicken that was frozen and stored at −20 °C for 2, 5, 15, 30, 60, 70, and 85 days. Hierarchical cluster analysis of FTIR spectra allowed to distinguish fresh samples from samples that have been frozen for longer periods. Samples of frozen storage of 15, 30, 75 and 85 days could be clearly identified as such. Further, the potential of combining FTIR spectroscopy with artificial neuronal network (ANN) analysis to enable identification of even shortly frozen products was determined. Twenty out of 21 samples were correctly classified in either fresh or frozen/thawed chicken meat based on the internal validation including frozen/thawed chicken meat samples derived from day 2 and 5. In conclusion, we provide proof of principle that FTIR spectroscopy enables rapid and reliable discrimination of fresh from frozen/thawed chicken meat. Due to its high–throughput capacity, it could represent a promising tool in routine inspections differentiating fresh from previously frozen meat products such as beef, pork, lamb and turkey.

Abstract

Freezing and thawing affect the sensory profile and the quality of chicken meat, resulting in lower marketability. Retailers are faced with the risk of mislabeling, as fresh and frozen/thawed chicken meat are visually indistinguishable and as there is currently no fast, reproducible, and inexpensive technique for the differentiation of fresh and frozen/thawed chicken implemented in practice. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy represents a new promising technique that determines the overall chemical composition of a sample, thus creating a metabolic spectral fingerprint that can be analyzed by various pattern recognition algorithms. In this study, we aimed to assess the performance of FTIR spectroscopy when applied to the differentiation of fresh and frozen/thawed chicken meat. To this end, we compared the FTIR spectra of chicken stored at 4 °C to those of chicken that was frozen and stored at −20 °C for 2, 5, 15, 30, 60, 70, and 85 days. Hierarchical cluster analysis of FTIR spectra allowed to distinguish fresh samples from samples that have been frozen for longer periods. Samples of frozen storage of 15, 30, 75 and 85 days could be clearly identified as such. Further, the potential of combining FTIR spectroscopy with artificial neuronal network (ANN) analysis to enable identification of even shortly frozen products was determined. Twenty out of 21 samples were correctly classified in either fresh or frozen/thawed chicken meat based on the internal validation including frozen/thawed chicken meat samples derived from day 2 and 5. In conclusion, we provide proof of principle that FTIR spectroscopy enables rapid and reliable discrimination of fresh from frozen/thawed chicken meat. Due to its high–throughput capacity, it could represent a promising tool in routine inspections differentiating fresh from previously frozen meat products such as beef, pork, lamb and turkey.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Food Safety and Hygiene
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:FTIR; Chicken meat; Freezing; Refrigeration; Mislabeling
Language:English
Date:1 February 2016
Deposited On:17 Jan 2017 11:19
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 21:45
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0956-7135
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2015.08.016

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