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Quantifying substructures inHubbleFrontier Field clusters: comparison with ΛCDM simulations


Mohammed, Irshad; Saha, Prasenjit; Williams, Liliya L R; Liesenborgs, Jori; Sebesta, Kevin (2016). Quantifying substructures inHubbleFrontier Field clusters: comparison with ΛCDM simulations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 459(2):1698-1709.

Abstract

The Hubble Frontier Fields (HFFs) are six clusters of galaxies, all showing indications of recent mergers, which have recently been observed for lensed images. As such they are the natural laboratories to study the merging history of galaxy clusters. In this work, we explore the 2D power spectrum of the mass distribution P_M(k) as a measure of substructure. We compare P_M(k) of these clusters (obtained using strong gravitational lensing) to that of Λ cold dark matter simulated clusters of similar mass. To compute lensing P_M(k), we produced free-form lensing mass reconstructions of HFF clusters, without any light traces mass (LTM) assumption. The inferred power at small scales tends to be larger if (i) the cluster is at lower redshift, and/or (ii) there are deeper observations and hence more lensed images. In contrast, lens reconstructions assuming LTM show higher power at small scales even with fewer lensed images; it appears the small-scale power in the LTM reconstructions is dominated by light information, rather than the lensing data. The average lensing derived P_M(k) shows lower power at small scales as compared to that of simulated clusters at redshift zero, both dark matter only and hydrodynamical. The possible reasons are (i) the available strong lensing data are limited in their effective spatial resolution on the mass distribution; (ii) HFF clusters have yet to build the small-scale power they would have at z ∼ 0 or (iii) simulations are somehow overestimating the small-scale power.

Abstract

The Hubble Frontier Fields (HFFs) are six clusters of galaxies, all showing indications of recent mergers, which have recently been observed for lensed images. As such they are the natural laboratories to study the merging history of galaxy clusters. In this work, we explore the 2D power spectrum of the mass distribution P_M(k) as a measure of substructure. We compare P_M(k) of these clusters (obtained using strong gravitational lensing) to that of Λ cold dark matter simulated clusters of similar mass. To compute lensing P_M(k), we produced free-form lensing mass reconstructions of HFF clusters, without any light traces mass (LTM) assumption. The inferred power at small scales tends to be larger if (i) the cluster is at lower redshift, and/or (ii) there are deeper observations and hence more lensed images. In contrast, lens reconstructions assuming LTM show higher power at small scales even with fewer lensed images; it appears the small-scale power in the LTM reconstructions is dominated by light information, rather than the lensing data. The average lensing derived P_M(k) shows lower power at small scales as compared to that of simulated clusters at redshift zero, both dark matter only and hydrodynamical. The possible reasons are (i) the available strong lensing data are limited in their effective spatial resolution on the mass distribution; (ii) HFF clusters have yet to build the small-scale power they would have at z ∼ 0 or (iii) simulations are somehow overestimating the small-scale power.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:04 Jan 2017 09:28
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 18:49
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0035-8711
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw727

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