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Serum IL-5 and IL-13 consistently serve as the best predictors for the blood eosinophilia phenotype in adult asthmatics


Agache, I; Strasser, D S; Klenk, A; Agache, C; Farine, H; Ciobanu, C; Groenen, P M A; Akdis, C A (2016). Serum IL-5 and IL-13 consistently serve as the best predictors for the blood eosinophilia phenotype in adult asthmatics. Allergy, 71(8):1192-1202.

Abstract

Background: Molecular biomarkers that identify the phenotype of blood eosinophilia were evaluated in adult asthmatics, and their relationship with clinically significant asthma outcomes was assessed. Patients were clustered based on their molecular fingerprint.
Methods: At inclusion, 64 patients were evaluated for phenotypic traits, sputum and blood eosinophilia, exhaled NO, serum cytokines and chemokines, total serum IgE, lung function (LF), and airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR). Within-patient changes were evaluated in 44 patients 6 weeks later.
Results: Lung function, asthma control, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) were identified as the most important distinguisher and blood eosinophilia as second most important identifier in principal component analysis. A robust relationship was observed between blood eosinophilia and IL-5, IL-13, and eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), which stayed consistent after 6 weeks. Serum IL-5 and IL-13 were the two best, followed by EDN as separators of high vs low blood eosinophilia. Periostin did not identify blood or sputum eosinophilia, even after stratification for total IgE, and did not correlate with IL-5, IL-13, eotaxin, or EDN. IL-5 and IL-13 showed strong correlations with AHR and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 with asthma severity and fast LF decline. The presence of high or low expression of MCP-1, eotaxin, and IL-8 identified two separate blood eosinophilia patient clusters linked to asthma severity.
Conclusion: Serum IL-5 and IL-13 are reliable biomarkers for the blood eosinophilia asthma phenotype. High or low expression of MCP-1, eotaxin, and IL-8 discriminates between eosinophilic asthma severity clusters.

Abstract

Background: Molecular biomarkers that identify the phenotype of blood eosinophilia were evaluated in adult asthmatics, and their relationship with clinically significant asthma outcomes was assessed. Patients were clustered based on their molecular fingerprint.
Methods: At inclusion, 64 patients were evaluated for phenotypic traits, sputum and blood eosinophilia, exhaled NO, serum cytokines and chemokines, total serum IgE, lung function (LF), and airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR). Within-patient changes were evaluated in 44 patients 6 weeks later.
Results: Lung function, asthma control, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) were identified as the most important distinguisher and blood eosinophilia as second most important identifier in principal component analysis. A robust relationship was observed between blood eosinophilia and IL-5, IL-13, and eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), which stayed consistent after 6 weeks. Serum IL-5 and IL-13 were the two best, followed by EDN as separators of high vs low blood eosinophilia. Periostin did not identify blood or sputum eosinophilia, even after stratification for total IgE, and did not correlate with IL-5, IL-13, eotaxin, or EDN. IL-5 and IL-13 showed strong correlations with AHR and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 with asthma severity and fast LF decline. The presence of high or low expression of MCP-1, eotaxin, and IL-8 identified two separate blood eosinophilia patient clusters linked to asthma severity.
Conclusion: Serum IL-5 and IL-13 are reliable biomarkers for the blood eosinophilia asthma phenotype. High or low expression of MCP-1, eotaxin, and IL-8 discriminates between eosinophilic asthma severity clusters.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:05 Jan 2017 12:59
Last Modified:05 Jan 2017 12:59
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0105-4538
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/all.12906

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