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Endodontic drug delivery for root surface disinfection: a laboratory feasibility evaluation


Zaruba, Markus; Rechenberg, Dan-K; Thurnheer, Thomas; Attin, Thomas; Schmidlin, Patrick R (2016). Endodontic drug delivery for root surface disinfection: a laboratory feasibility evaluation. Clinical Oral Investigations, 20(3):607-613.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES This study aims to assess the potential of a mixture of three antibiotics (TreVitaMix, TVM) as an intracanal dressing to disinfect the outer root surface by applying a new in vitro model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty freshly extracted bovine roots were endodontically treated. Forty samples were then thoroughly scaled, mounted to petri dishes, gas sterilized, and randomly allocated to four groups (n = 10/group) according to their intracanal medication: sterile saline (NaCl; control, A); the TVM carrier material alone, i.e., propylene glycol (PG; B); TVM (C); and calcium hydroxide (D). In an additional group (E), the cementum was not removed and TVM was placed. Petri dishes were filled with Fastidious Anaerobe Agar, inoculated with Fusobacterium nucleatum suspension and then anaerobically incubated during 48-h intervals at 37 °C up to 192 h. Inhibition zones around the roots were then measured after each incubation period (mm(2)). RESULTS Only teeth inoculated with the TVM dressing showed inhibition at all time points, whereas the other treatments showed no peri-radicular growing inhibition. Presence of cementum had no negative effect on disinfection (p = 0.9320). CONCLUSION TVM was able to penetrate through the dentine and inhibit the bacterial growth of F. nucleatum up to 192 h. CLINICAL RELEVANCE TVM might have the potential to sustainably disinfect the outer root surface in perio-endo lesions and serve as an adjunctive antimicrobial agent.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES This study aims to assess the potential of a mixture of three antibiotics (TreVitaMix, TVM) as an intracanal dressing to disinfect the outer root surface by applying a new in vitro model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty freshly extracted bovine roots were endodontically treated. Forty samples were then thoroughly scaled, mounted to petri dishes, gas sterilized, and randomly allocated to four groups (n = 10/group) according to their intracanal medication: sterile saline (NaCl; control, A); the TVM carrier material alone, i.e., propylene glycol (PG; B); TVM (C); and calcium hydroxide (D). In an additional group (E), the cementum was not removed and TVM was placed. Petri dishes were filled with Fastidious Anaerobe Agar, inoculated with Fusobacterium nucleatum suspension and then anaerobically incubated during 48-h intervals at 37 °C up to 192 h. Inhibition zones around the roots were then measured after each incubation period (mm(2)). RESULTS Only teeth inoculated with the TVM dressing showed inhibition at all time points, whereas the other treatments showed no peri-radicular growing inhibition. Presence of cementum had no negative effect on disinfection (p = 0.9320). CONCLUSION TVM was able to penetrate through the dentine and inhibit the bacterial growth of F. nucleatum up to 192 h. CLINICAL RELEVANCE TVM might have the potential to sustainably disinfect the outer root surface in perio-endo lesions and serve as an adjunctive antimicrobial agent.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Institute of Oral Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2016
Deposited On:03 Jan 2017 16:56
Last Modified:01 May 2017 00:01
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1432-6981
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-015-1538-9
PubMed ID:26323501

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