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Revisiting transfusion safety and alternatives to transfusion


Schoettker, Patrick; Marcucci, Carlos E; Casso, Gabriele; Heim, Catherine (2016). Revisiting transfusion safety and alternatives to transfusion. La Presse Médicale, 45(7-8):e331-e340.

Abstract

Transfusion of blood products can be life saving when used appropriately. It carries however at the same time a potential for morbidity and mortality, depending on the patient, the product or the setting. Numerous strategies have been elaborated to minimize these risks, and in recent years, transfusion has no longer been regarded as essential for the management of a wide range of diseases. Uncomplicated surgeries in well-prepared patients can now be conducted without the use of transfusions. Questions about transfusion safety and shortage have led to extensive research on alternatives to blood transfusion, ranging from non-pharmacological to pharmacological solutions. Restrictive transfusion therapies, preoperative autologous blood donations, perioperative red cell salvage, acute normovolaemic haemodilution techniques or patient blood management are potential solutions where prothrombin complex or fibrinogen concentrates, synthetic anti-fibrinolytic agents, desmopressin, rFVIIa, or erythropoiesis stimulating agents may play a complementary pharmacologic role.

Abstract

Transfusion of blood products can be life saving when used appropriately. It carries however at the same time a potential for morbidity and mortality, depending on the patient, the product or the setting. Numerous strategies have been elaborated to minimize these risks, and in recent years, transfusion has no longer been regarded as essential for the management of a wide range of diseases. Uncomplicated surgeries in well-prepared patients can now be conducted without the use of transfusions. Questions about transfusion safety and shortage have led to extensive research on alternatives to blood transfusion, ranging from non-pharmacological to pharmacological solutions. Restrictive transfusion therapies, preoperative autologous blood donations, perioperative red cell salvage, acute normovolaemic haemodilution techniques or patient blood management are potential solutions where prothrombin complex or fibrinogen concentrates, synthetic anti-fibrinolytic agents, desmopressin, rFVIIa, or erythropoiesis stimulating agents may play a complementary pharmacologic role.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2016
Deposited On:06 Jan 2017 08:19
Last Modified:08 Jan 2017 06:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0755-4982
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lpm.2016.06.023
PubMed ID:27476018

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