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Extracellular K$^+$ rapidly controls NaCl cotransporter phosphorylation in the native distal convoluted tubule by Cl$^-$-dependent and independent mechanisms


Penton, David; Czogalla, Jan; Wengi, Agnieszka; Himmerkus, Nina; Loffing-Cueni, Dominique; Carrel, Monique; Rajaram, Renuga Devi; Staub, Olivier; Bleich, Markus; Schweda, Frank; Loffing, Johannes (2016). Extracellular K$^+$ rapidly controls NaCl cotransporter phosphorylation in the native distal convoluted tubule by Cl$^-$-dependent and independent mechanisms. Journal of Physiology, 594(21):6319-6331.

Abstract

A high dietary potassium (K$^+$) intake causes a rapid dephosphorylation, and hence inactivation, of the thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransporter (NCC) in the renal distal convoluted tubule (DCT). Based on experiments in heterologous expression systems, it was proposed that changes in extracellular K+ concentration ([K$^+$]ex ) modulate NCC phosphorylation via a Cl$^-$ -dependent modulation of the with no lysine (K) kinases (WNK)-STE20/SPS-1-44 related proline-alanine-rich protein kinase (SPAK)/oxidative stress-related kinase (OSR1) kinase pathway. We used the isolated perfused mouse kidney technique and ex vivo preparations of mouse kidney slices to test the physiological relevance of this model on native DCT. We demonstrate that NCC phosphorylation inversely correlates with [K$^+$]ex , with the most prominent effects occurring around physiological plasma [K$^+$]. Cellular Cl$^-$ conductances and the kinases SPAK/OSR1 are involved in the phosphorylation of NCC under low [K$^+$]ex. However, NCC dephosphorylation triggered by high [K$^+$]ex is neither blocked by removing extracellular Cl$^-$, nor by the Cl$^-$ channel blocker 4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-stilbenedisulphonic acid. The response to [K$^+$]ex on a low extracellular chloride concentration is also independent of significant changes in SPAK/OSR1 phosphorylation. Thus, in the native DCT, [K$^+$]ex directly and rapidly controls NCC phosphorylation by Cl$^-$-dependent and independent pathways that involve the kinases SPAK/OSR1 and a yet unidentified additional signalling mechanism.

Abstract

A high dietary potassium (K$^+$) intake causes a rapid dephosphorylation, and hence inactivation, of the thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransporter (NCC) in the renal distal convoluted tubule (DCT). Based on experiments in heterologous expression systems, it was proposed that changes in extracellular K+ concentration ([K$^+$]ex ) modulate NCC phosphorylation via a Cl$^-$ -dependent modulation of the with no lysine (K) kinases (WNK)-STE20/SPS-1-44 related proline-alanine-rich protein kinase (SPAK)/oxidative stress-related kinase (OSR1) kinase pathway. We used the isolated perfused mouse kidney technique and ex vivo preparations of mouse kidney slices to test the physiological relevance of this model on native DCT. We demonstrate that NCC phosphorylation inversely correlates with [K$^+$]ex , with the most prominent effects occurring around physiological plasma [K$^+$]. Cellular Cl$^-$ conductances and the kinases SPAK/OSR1 are involved in the phosphorylation of NCC under low [K$^+$]ex. However, NCC dephosphorylation triggered by high [K$^+$]ex is neither blocked by removing extracellular Cl$^-$, nor by the Cl$^-$ channel blocker 4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-stilbenedisulphonic acid. The response to [K$^+$]ex on a low extracellular chloride concentration is also independent of significant changes in SPAK/OSR1 phosphorylation. Thus, in the native DCT, [K$^+$]ex directly and rapidly controls NCC phosphorylation by Cl$^-$-dependent and independent pathways that involve the kinases SPAK/OSR1 and a yet unidentified additional signalling mechanism.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:25 July 2016
Deposited On:30 Jan 2017 08:10
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 21:56
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0022-3751
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1113/JP272504
PubMed ID:27457700

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