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Human primary keratinocytes as a tool for the analysis of caspase-1-dependent unconventional protein secretion


Strittmatter, Gerhard E; Garstkiewicz, Martha; Sand, Jennifer; Grossi, Serena; Beer, Hans-Dietmar (2016). Human primary keratinocytes as a tool for the analysis of caspase-1-dependent unconventional protein secretion. In: Pompa, Andrea; De Marchis, Francesca. Unconventional Protein Secretion : Methods and Protocols. New York: Springer, 135-147.

Abstract

Inflammasomes comprise a group of protein complexes, which activate the protease caspase-1 upon sensing a variety of stress factors. Active caspase-1 in turn cleaves and thereby activates the pro-inflammatory cytokines prointerleukin (IL)-1β and -18, and induces unconventional protein secretion (UPS) of mature IL-1β, IL-18, as well as of many other proteins involved in and required for induction of inflammation. Human primary keratinocytes (HPKs) represent epithelial cells able to activate caspase-1 in an inflammasome-dependent manner upon irradiation with a physiological dose of ultraviolet B (UVB) light. Here, we describe the isolation of keratinocytes from human skin, their cultivation, and induction of caspase-1-dependent UPS upon UVB irradiation as well as its siRNA- and chemical-mediated inhibition. In contrast to inflammasome activation of professional immune cells, UVB-irradiated HPKs represent a robust and physiological cell culture system for the analysis of UPS induced by active caspase-1.

Abstract

Inflammasomes comprise a group of protein complexes, which activate the protease caspase-1 upon sensing a variety of stress factors. Active caspase-1 in turn cleaves and thereby activates the pro-inflammatory cytokines prointerleukin (IL)-1β and -18, and induces unconventional protein secretion (UPS) of mature IL-1β, IL-18, as well as of many other proteins involved in and required for induction of inflammation. Human primary keratinocytes (HPKs) represent epithelial cells able to activate caspase-1 in an inflammasome-dependent manner upon irradiation with a physiological dose of ultraviolet B (UVB) light. Here, we describe the isolation of keratinocytes from human skin, their cultivation, and induction of caspase-1-dependent UPS upon UVB irradiation as well as its siRNA- and chemical-mediated inhibition. In contrast to inflammasome activation of professional immune cells, UVB-irradiated HPKs represent a robust and physiological cell culture system for the analysis of UPS induced by active caspase-1.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:10 Jan 2017 08:38
Last Modified:10 Jan 2017 08:41
Publisher:Springer
Series Name:Methods in Molecular Biology
Number:1459
ISSN:1064-3745
ISBN:978-1-4939-3802-5
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-3804-9_9
Related URLs:http://www.recherche-portal.ch/ZAD:default_scope:ebi01_prod010787050 (Library Catalogue)

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