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Localized bone regeneration around dental implants using recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 and platelet-derived growth factor-BB in the canine


Thoma, Daniel S; Cha, Jae-Kook; Sapata, Vitor M; Jung, Ronald E; Hüsler, Juerg; Jung, Ui-Won (2016). Localized bone regeneration around dental implants using recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 and platelet-derived growth factor-BB in the canine. Clinical Oral Implants Research:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To test whether or not one of two biological mediators (recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor (rhPDGF-BB)) is superior to the other and compared with control groups for bone regeneration around implants based on histomorphometrical outcome measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS Box-type defects (10 × 5 × 5 mm) were prepared on the buccal sides of the left and right edentulous ridge in ten mongrel dogs. Implants were placed at each site, the defects either received (i) bovine-derived particulated bone mineral (DBBM) mixed with rhBMP-2 and a collagen membrane (CM) (DBBM/BMP-2), (ii) DBBM mixed with rhPDGF-BB and CM (DBBM/PDGF), (iii) DBBM and CM (DBBM) and (iv) empty control (control). Animals were euthanized post-surgery at 8 weeks and 16 weeks. Histomorphometrical analyses were performed. RESULTS The mean percentages of regenerated area within total defect area amounted to 56.95% for DBBM/BMP-2, 48.86% for DBBM/PDFG, 33.44% for DBBM and 1.59% for control at 8 weeks, and 26.79% for DBBM/BMP-2, 23.78% for DBBM/PDFG, 30.21% for DBBM and 5.07% for control at 16 weeks with no statistically significant differences between the groups (P > 0.05). The mean amount of regenerated bone was 26.97% for DBBM/BMP-2, 22.02% for DBBM/PDFG, 5.03% for DBBM and 1.25% for control at 8 weeks, and at 16 weeks, these values were lower in the two groups with biological mediators (DBBM/BMP-2 = 13.35%; DBBM/PDGF = 6.96%) and only slightly increased in group DBBM (10.68%) and the control group (4.95%) compared with 8 weeks. The first bone-to-implant contact values on the buccal side were minimal for DBBM/BMP-2 (0.57 mm) and maximal for control (3.72 mm) at 8 weeks. CONCLUSIONS The use of biological mediators (rhBMP-2 and rhPDGF-BB) can increase the amount of bone regeneration at dehiscence-type defects compared with controls at 8 weeks, but not at 16 weeks due to enhanced hard tissue remodeling processes.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To test whether or not one of two biological mediators (recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor (rhPDGF-BB)) is superior to the other and compared with control groups for bone regeneration around implants based on histomorphometrical outcome measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS Box-type defects (10 × 5 × 5 mm) were prepared on the buccal sides of the left and right edentulous ridge in ten mongrel dogs. Implants were placed at each site, the defects either received (i) bovine-derived particulated bone mineral (DBBM) mixed with rhBMP-2 and a collagen membrane (CM) (DBBM/BMP-2), (ii) DBBM mixed with rhPDGF-BB and CM (DBBM/PDGF), (iii) DBBM and CM (DBBM) and (iv) empty control (control). Animals were euthanized post-surgery at 8 weeks and 16 weeks. Histomorphometrical analyses were performed. RESULTS The mean percentages of regenerated area within total defect area amounted to 56.95% for DBBM/BMP-2, 48.86% for DBBM/PDFG, 33.44% for DBBM and 1.59% for control at 8 weeks, and 26.79% for DBBM/BMP-2, 23.78% for DBBM/PDFG, 30.21% for DBBM and 5.07% for control at 16 weeks with no statistically significant differences between the groups (P > 0.05). The mean amount of regenerated bone was 26.97% for DBBM/BMP-2, 22.02% for DBBM/PDFG, 5.03% for DBBM and 1.25% for control at 8 weeks, and at 16 weeks, these values were lower in the two groups with biological mediators (DBBM/BMP-2 = 13.35%; DBBM/PDGF = 6.96%) and only slightly increased in group DBBM (10.68%) and the control group (4.95%) compared with 8 weeks. The first bone-to-implant contact values on the buccal side were minimal for DBBM/BMP-2 (0.57 mm) and maximal for control (3.72 mm) at 8 weeks. CONCLUSIONS The use of biological mediators (rhBMP-2 and rhPDGF-BB) can increase the amount of bone regeneration at dehiscence-type defects compared with controls at 8 weeks, but not at 16 weeks due to enhanced hard tissue remodeling processes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:10 October 2016
Deposited On:13 Jan 2017 11:02
Last Modified:03 Jun 2017 10:19
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0905-7161
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/clr.12989
PubMed ID:27726186

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