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Differential diagnosis of cerebellar atrophy in childhood


Poretti, A; Wolf, N I; Boltshauser, E (2008). Differential diagnosis of cerebellar atrophy in childhood. European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 12(3):155-167.

Abstract

Starting from the imaging appearance of cerebellar atrophy (CA) we provide checklists for various groups of CA: hereditary CA, postnatally acquired CA, and unilateral CA. We also include a list of disorders with ataxia as symptom, but no evidence of CA on imaging. These checklists may be helpful in the evaluation of differential diagnosis and planning of additional investigations. However, the complete constellation of clinical (including history and neurological examination), imaging, and other information have to be considered. On the basis of a single study distinction between prenatal onset atrophy, postnatal onset atrophy, and cerebellar hypoplasia is not always possible. Apart from rare exceptions, neuroimaging findings of CA are nonspecific. A pattern-recognition approach is suggested, considering isolated (pure) CA, CA and hypomyelination, CA and progressive white matter abnormalities, CA and basal ganglia involvement, and cerebellar cortex hyperintensity.

Abstract

Starting from the imaging appearance of cerebellar atrophy (CA) we provide checklists for various groups of CA: hereditary CA, postnatally acquired CA, and unilateral CA. We also include a list of disorders with ataxia as symptom, but no evidence of CA on imaging. These checklists may be helpful in the evaluation of differential diagnosis and planning of additional investigations. However, the complete constellation of clinical (including history and neurological examination), imaging, and other information have to be considered. On the basis of a single study distinction between prenatal onset atrophy, postnatal onset atrophy, and cerebellar hypoplasia is not always possible. Apart from rare exceptions, neuroimaging findings of CA are nonspecific. A pattern-recognition approach is suggested, considering isolated (pure) CA, CA and hypomyelination, CA and progressive white matter abnormalities, CA and basal ganglia involvement, and cerebellar cortex hyperintensity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:04 Mar 2009 20:34
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:58
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1090-3798
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpn.2007.07.010
PubMed ID:17869142

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